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20 terms

Infection Control

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Acquired Immunity
immunity that the body develops after it overcomes a disease, or through inoculation ( such as vaccination)
Bacteriology
the science that deals with the study of microorganisms called bacteria
Bloodborne Pathogens
disease-causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids.
Contaminants
substances that cause contamination
Efficacy
effectiveness
Flagella
slender, hair-like extensions that permit locomotion in certain bacteria
Imflammation
condition as some part of the body as a protective respose to injury, irritation, or infection characterized by redness, heat, pain, and swelling
Mitosis
cells dividing into 2 new cells
Pediculosis capitis
skin disease caused by infestation of head lice
Phenol
carbonic acid, caustic poison, in 5% dilute solution is used to sanitize metal implelments
Quats
quatrtnary ammonium coumpounds-disinfectant that is considered nontoxic, oderless, and fast-acting
Sodium Hypochlorite
common household bleach
Staphylococci
pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes; cause abscesses, pustules, and boils
Universal Precautions
set of guidelines and controls,published by the centers of disease control and prevention (CDC) that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and specified human body fluids are infectuous for HIV, HBV, and other bloodborne pathogens
Streptococci
pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads; cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning
Saphrophytes
nonpathogenic bacteria that normally grow on dead matter
Pathology
science that investigates modifications of the functions and changes in structure caused by disease
Diplococci
any of several spherical bacteria occurring in pairs
Etiology
study of the causes of disease and their modes of operation
Microbiology
the science that deals with microorganisms and their effects on other forms of life