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Acquired Immunity

immunity that the body develops after it overcomes a disease, or through inoculation ( such as vaccination)


the science that deals with the study of microorganisms called bacteria

Bloodborne Pathogens

disease-causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids.


substances that cause contamination




slender, hair-like extensions that permit locomotion in certain bacteria


condition as some part of the body as a protective respose to injury, irritation, or infection characterized by redness, heat, pain, and swelling


cells dividing into 2 new cells

Pediculosis capitis

skin disease caused by infestation of head lice


carbonic acid, caustic poison, in 5% dilute solution is used to sanitize metal implelments


quatrtnary ammonium coumpounds-disinfectant that is considered nontoxic, oderless, and fast-acting

Sodium Hypochlorite

common household bleach


pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes; cause abscesses, pustules, and boils

Universal Precautions

set of guidelines and controls,published by the centers of disease control and prevention (CDC) that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and specified human body fluids are infectuous for HIV, HBV, and other bloodborne pathogens


pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads; cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning


nonpathogenic bacteria that normally grow on dead matter


science that investigates modifications of the functions and changes in structure caused by disease


any of several spherical bacteria occurring in pairs


study of the causes of disease and their modes of operation


the science that deals with microorganisms and their effects on other forms of life

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