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GCSE History- Medieval Medicine
Terms in this set (36)
What did people do to get rid of the miasma?
cleaned the streets, good smelling herbs, fire, bells and birds
Who was Hippocrates?
He was a greek doctor who developed the theory of the four humours
Which two main techniques were used to restore the balance of the four humours?
blood letting and vomiting
Which operations did surgeons carry out?
They carried out easy operations and procedures such as bloodletting, stitches and fixing broken bones
Did women treat anyone?
Yes, they treated the majority of illnesses
During the Black Death, what was burnt to prevent miasma?
juniper, myrrh and frankincense
What were the main prevention methods for diseases?
sport, food, clean water and clean streets
What was the miasma theory?
the theory that bad air causes illness
What caused the bad smells?
waste, slaughterhouses and corpses
Give two examples of religious treatments for diseases?
prayers and flagellation
What were the majority of medieval medicines made out of?
herbs, minerals and animal stock
Why did most people not go to doctors?
doctors were very expensive
What did many rich people do to prevent black death?
they donated to the church
How was the pneumonic plague spread?
through coughing and sneezing
What did doctors advise about public health?
wash regularly and exercise in fresh air
What was responsible for the lack of development in medicine and why?
the church banned dissection, Galen's false ideas were promoted, people were told that it was God's fault
What was another reason for the lack of medical development?
people did not want to challenge traditional ideas
What were the symptoms of bubonic plague?
blisters, high fever, severe headaches and unconsciousness
When did the black death come to England?
For what reason did they believe that God sent them diseases?
as a punishment for their sins
Which supernatural beings were responsible for the disease?
witches, demons and evil spirits
What were the four humors?
blood, mucus, black bile and yellow bile
Who was Galen?
he was a Greek doctor born in Rome
How long did the doctors have to study at university?
Did the surgeons study at the university?
no, they did apprenticeships
Who did the hospitals treat?
old people who could no longer live alone
Who ran the original hospitals?
nuns and monks
What was another medieval cause for illness?
the movement of the planets
What did the church ban?
Where did people buy herbal remedies?
Could women be doctors?
no, but they could be midwives
Who did the majority of small operations?
How was the bubonic plague spread?
Where did the black death break out?
Did they make good progress at this time?
Apart from praying what did people do to show God, that they felt sorry?
pilgrimages and fasting
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