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78 terms

Central America

STUDY
PLAY
Isthmus of Panama
connects North and South America
Mountains
feature running down the center of CA
arable
CA has very little _______ land
volcanoes, earthquakes, hurricanes
three natural hazards in CA
100
CA has more than ____ active volcanoes
volcanoes
Create fertile land along with destruction in CA
San Salvador
city in El Salvador that since 16th century has been destroyed 10 times by earthquakes
1998
year of Hurricane Mitch—hit Nicaragua and Honduras hard
Nicaragua, honduras
countries hit hard by hurricane mitch
mineral, farmland
CA has no large ______ deposits and only small parts of ________
coffee, bananas, cotton
3 Biggest exports of CA
El Salvador, Costa Rica, Guatemala
countries that gained independence in 1821
Belize
Used to be called British Honduras—English speaking
British Honduras
old name for Belize
1981
Belize Gained independence in ____
belize
Fewest people of any country in CA
belize
country w/ 3rd largest offshore coral reef (tourism is big)
african
Belize has more people of _____ descent than many other CA countries
Guatemala
country that has the largest population in CA (12.7 million)
Indian
½ of Guatemala's population is of ________ descent
textiles
guatemala is known for lots of ________ (Dozier says most beautiful in the world)
coffee
guatemala's Major export
tikal
most famous mayan ruins
guatemala
country with mayan ruins
guatemala
country that contains the Largest pyramids in the Western hemisphere
Bananas, coffee
50% of exports in honduras, 2 things
El Salvador
Most densely populated country in CE (867 people per square mile)
el salvador
country w/ a civil war from 1979-1992
el salvador
country that has a lot of money from remittances (legal and illegal immigrants in US)
Daniel Ortega
1980s, he was a communist, became president of nicaragua
Contras
rebel group in Nicaragua against commies
Sandinistas
Ortega was a member of the political group ________ (commie group) in Nicaragua
nicaragua
CA country involved in iran-contra affair
Costa Rica
Stable, highest standard of living, longest period of peace
costa rica
Means "rich coast"
costa rica
country w/ no real NA imprint (over 90% consider themselves European—Spain)
Costa Rica
country that became the first CA country to earn more from manufacturing than farming
Tourism
big industry in costa rica
Panama
Closest to US of all CA countries
Canal Zone
Strip of land 10 miles wide coast to coast
1914
year canal zone in panama was completed
1979
year Carter started talking about turning canal zone over to Panamanians
Noriega
president of panama who was interviewed by barbara walters
1989
year bush invaded Panama, played acid rock to get noriega turned over
canal zone
Remains panama's chief source of income (tax ships by weight)
1999
year US gave canal zone to panama
Greater Antilles
Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Hispaniola
greater antilles, Bahamas, Lesser Antilles
3 parts of caribbean
sport, commercial
_____ fishing is good in caribbean, but _______ isn't (water isn't deep enough)
windward
The _______ (N and E) sides of the caribbean islands can receive up to 200 inches of rain a year
leeward
______ side of caribbean islands, only gets 30 inches
Trinidad
caribbean island with many people from Asia (India and China)
cuba
One of the world's top exporters of sugar
1959
year Castro overthrew leader of cuba
2007
year castro turned over power to Raul Castro (his brother)
2002
year US began using naval base at Guantanamo Bay to detain prisoners from Afghanistan
Haiti
Gained independence from France in 1804
haiti
Became the world's first black republic
haiti
Ranks as one of the poorest countries in the world (poorest in western hemisphere)
haiti
country w/ Roman Catholicism and Voodoo (religion based in west Africa)
Santo Domingo
first permanent European settlement in the New World (Spanish)
dominican republic
poor, but better off than haiti
Jamaica
english-speaking, Mountainous, less than 20% of land is arable, has bauxite
Bob Marley
reggae, 3rd world's first superstar
Puerto Rico
one of the highest GDP per capita b/c of US
cuba, puerto rico
Spanish colonies until 1898 (two countries)
Self-Governing Commonwealth
title of puerto rico (in relation to US)
Virgin Islands
Some belong to US, others to UK
US, UK
virgin islands, some belong to __ others to ____
Denmark
US purchased their virgin islands in 1917 from ______
Bahamas
700 islands fringed with coral reefs
bahamas
Low-lying islands (no high elevations)
bahamas
Has to import almost all of its food—islands made of coral reef
Barbados
Most densely populated country in the western hemisphere
Trinidad and Tobago
43% Black and 40% Asian
trinidad and tobago
country w/ Largest natural asphalt lake in the world
Pitch Lake
largest natural asphalt lake in the world
Netherland Antilles
Aruba, Bonaire, and Curacao