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Test Review for Climate Factors and Climate Regions
Terms in this set (24)
Distance from equator measured in degrees
Define altitude (elevation).
The height of an object in relation to sea level
How do prevailing winds affect climate?
Prevailing winds can move air masses from the ocean onto a continent bringing moisture onto the continent.
0 degrees is the latitude at_________
90 degrees is the latitude of ________________
How do mountains ranges affect climate?
Moisture falls as rain or snow on the windward side of the mountain, leaving the leeward side of the mountain dry
How does altitude affect climate?
The higher you go, the colder it gets. 6.5oC for each km of increased altitude
How do ocean currents affect climate?
Warm ocean currents move from tropics toward poles. Warm ocean water warms the air above it, which then warms the air over the nearby land.
What is the latitude range of the polar zone?
66.5 degrees to 90 degrees north or south
What is the latitude range of the temperate zone?
23.5-66.5 N and south
What is the latitude range of the tropical zone?
what is a moonson?
Seasonal prevailing wind in the region of south and Southeast Asia, blowing from the southwest between May & September and bringing rain, or from the Northeast between October and April (dry monsoon).
What factor determines the amount of solar energy an area receives?
Latitude. The equator receives the most direct (most intense) energy from the sun. As you go further from the equator (higher latitudes), the Earth receives less direct energy.
The average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, precipitation, winds, and cloud in an area are known as its _________
Where in the US do you find a continental climate?
Temperate continental climates are found in the Northern Hemisphere. In winter continental polar air masses move south bringing bitterly cold winters. In summer tropical air masses move north bringing heat and high humidity.
What are the two main factors that are used to classify climates?
Precipitation and temperature
What is the difference between the leeward and windward side of a mountain (think in terms of precipitation)?
Windward side of the mountain is the side the wind hits. It is the side of the mountain that receives precipitation. Leeward side is the side that faces away from the oncoming wind and is generally drier
The land on the _______________ side of a mountain range is in a rain shadow.
Because of its high ___________________, Mount Kilimanjaro has a cool climate all year.
Streams of water called ocean _____________ move warm or cold water, warming or cooling the nearby land.
The farther you live from an ocean, the more likely your climate will be a -----------------
temperature zone is located between 66.5 and 90 degrees north and 66.5 and 90 degrees south latitude
temperature zone is located between 23.5 degrees north and 23.5 degrees south
temperature zone is located between 23.5 and 66.5 degrees north and 23.5 and 66.5 degrees south latitude
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