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14 terms

5 Diagnostic Techniques, Treatments, Procedures

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allergy testing
various procedures used to identify specific allergens in an individual by exposing the person to a very small quantity of the allergen
cautery
heat or caustic substances that burn and scar the skin (coagulation of tissue)
cryosurgery
a noninvasive treatment that uses subfreezing temperature to freeze and destroy the tissue
curettage and electrodessication
a combination procedure of curettage that involves scraping away abnormal tissue and electrodessication, which allows destroying the tumor base with a low-voltage electrode
debridement
removal of debris, foreign objects, and damaged or necrotic tissue from a wound to prevent infection and to promote healing
dermabrasion
removal of the epidermis and a portion of the dermis with sandpaper or brushes to eliminate superficial scars or unwanted tatoos
dermatoplasty
skin transplantation to ta body surface damaged by injury or disease
electrodessication
a technique using an electrical spark to burn and destroy tissue, used primarily for the removal of surface lesions (may be used to eliminate abnormal tissue deeper in the skin using local anesthetic aka fulguration)
electrosurgery
the removal or destruction of tissue with an electrical current (electrodessication, electrocoagulation, electrosection)
esscharotomy
an incision made into the necrotic tissue resulting from a severe burn (scab or dry crust that forms after sever full-thicness burn is known as an eschar)
liposuction
aspiration of fat through a suction cannula or curette to alter the body contours
skin biopsy
the removal of a small piece of tissue from a skin lesion for the purpose of examining it under a microscope to confirm or establish a diagnosis (excisional biopsy, incisional biopy, punch biopsy, shave biopsy)
skin graft
a process of placing tissue on a recipient site, taken from a donor site, to provide the protective mechanisms of skin to an area unable to regenerate skin (as in 3rd degree burns). (Autografting, homo/allo-grafting, hetero/xeno-graft)
Wood's lamp
an ultraviolet light used to examine the scalp and skin for the purpose of observing fungal spores