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Chapter 11 review
Terms in this set (9)
385-Health psychology, biopsychosocial model
Health psychology: a field that integrates research on health and on psychology; it involves the application of psychological principles to promoting health and well-being.
Biopsychosocial model: a model of health that integrates the effects of biological, behavioral, and social factors on health and illness.
386-Body Mass Index
Body mass index (BMI): a ratio of body weight to height, used to measure obesity.
Diets are not effective in losing weight long term.
391-Criteria of Anorexia Nervosa, Bulemia Nervosa, Binge-Eating Disorder
chart: table 11.1
399-400-Stress, stressor, daily hassles
Stress: a group of behavioral, mental, and physical processes occurring when events match or exceed the organism's ability to respond in a healthy way.
Stressor: an environmental event or stimulus that threatens an organism.
Daily hassles: everyday irritations that cause small disruptions, the effects of which can add up to a large impact of health.
402-General Adaptation Syndrome-know three stages
General adaptation syndrome (GAS): a consistent pattern of physical responses to stress that consists of three stages: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion.
404-fight/flight response, tend and befriend response
Fight-or-flight response: the physiological preparedness of animals to deal with danger.
Tend-and-befriend response: females' tendency to respond to stressors by protecting and caring for their offspring and forming social alliances.
408-primary appraisal, secondary appraisal, emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping.
Primary appraisals: part of coping that involves making decisions about whether a stimulus is stressful or not.
Secondary appraisals: part of coping where people decide how to manage and respond to a stressful stimulus.
Emotion-focused coping: a type of coping in which people try to prevent having an emotional response to a stressor.
Problem-focused coping: a type of coping in which people take direct steps to confront or minimize a stressor.
Positive psychology: the study of the strengths and virtues that allow people and communities to thrive.
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