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Ch. 13 GIIS
Terms in this set (11)
the study of particles that comprise the basic building blocks of the universe; for example, the particles that make up the nucleus, and particles such as electrons. Also known as high-energy physics.
Particles (mostly protons) that rain down continuously on Earth's atmosphere after being emitted by stars in our galaxy and in others.
A machine such as a synchrotron or linear accelerator that produces particles at near light speeds for use in the study of the fundamental structure of matter.
A particle accelerator in which magnetic fields are increased as particles become more energetic, keeping them moving on the same track.
Large Hadron Collider
the world's highest energy particle accelerator, located in Geneva, Switzerland.
A particle (such as the electron, muon, and neutrino) that participates in the weak and electromagnetic, but not the strong, interaction.
Particles, including the proton and neutron, that are made from quarks and are subject to the strong force.
Particles that have the same mass as their matter twins, but with an opposite charge, magnetic characteristics, and other properties.
the truly fundamental building blocks of the hadrons. Particles that have fractional electrical charge and cannot exist alone in nature.
unified field theory
the general name for any theory in which fundamental forces are seen as different aspects of the same force.
theories that unify gravity with the other forces and visualize matter as made up of vibrating string.
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