BHS Art Department Exit Exam

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Terms in this set (...)

The artist uses the __________ as the visual building blocks to create a painting.
elements of art
The __________ included information about the year the painting was created and the collection in which it was housed.
credit line
The bold colors and swirling lines of the __________ paintings in the gallery show attracted the critic's attention.
non-objective
The deeper you dig into layers of meaning of each artwork, the more meaningful your __________ becomes.
aesthetic experience
All prints made from the same plate, or set of plate.
edition
The use of light and dark values to create the illusion of form.
shading
A copy of a work of art.
reproduction
The impression created on a surface by the printing plate.
print
_____ can be applied to a variety of surfaces, including paper, wood, and canvas.
paint
The ___ is the material used to thin the pigment.
binder
The print-maker writes his or her name and the number of each print in ____ on the credit line.
pencil
_____sculpture projects from a flat background and can only be viewed from the front.
Freestanding
The _____ of a painting may be an person, a landscape, or other recognizable object.
subject
The sculpting technique that is an additive process is __________.
modeling
The sculpting technique that is a subtractive process is __________.
carving
What are the three steps in order for relief printmaking?
create printing block, ink it, transfer the image
What are the four steps of critiquing in order?
describe, analyze, interpret, judgment
Which sculpture technique uses found objects to create one sculpture?
assembling
The third __________ of the freestanding sculpture, its depth, seemed out of proportion with its length and width.
dimension
The row of dots in the nonobjective painting created an __________ that the viewers' eyes automatically connected.
implied line
The graphic artist used a heavy black __________ around the picture of the computer.
outline
Lines showing __________ are drawn freely and quickly in order to capture movement.
gesture
The Chinese artist used __________ to create characters that represented complete ideas.
calligraphy
The landscape painting had many dark __________ that created a somber mood.
shadows
The portrait artist used __________ to create the shading on the man's face.
cross-hatching
The use of __________ to arrange light and shadow on a canvas was introduced by Italian Renaissance artists
chiaroscuro
The viewers were attracted to the __________ on the dark dresses in the painting, which made the material appear to shimmer.
highlights
Spectrum bent into a circle.
color wheel
Opposite colors on the color wheel.
complementary
A color scheme using one hue and the tints and shades of that hue.
monochromatic
Colors that sit side by side on the color wheel and have a common hue.
Yes, called an analogous color scheme
The appearance of a line is affected by the media, tool, and surface.
Depends on the person looking at the art.
A _____ line should be continuous.
contour
We see color because objects absorb some waves of __________ and reflect others.
light
To change the value of any __________, add black or white.
hue
Identify this MC Escher work of art.
"Waterfall"
In "Yellow Cow" by Franz Marc is the color scheme considered optical color or arbitrary color?
arbitrary
___ is the first part of a work to attract the viewer's attention.
focal point
___is quality of wholeness or oneness that is achieved through the effective use of elements and principles or art.
unity
___ is a line divided into two parts so the smaller line has the same proportion, or ratio, to the larger line as the larger line has to the whole line.
Golden Mean
The ___ was a vertical line that gave the photograph equal visual weight on both sides of the scene.
central axis
The ___ in the historical painting was achieved by placing an equal number of soldiers and horses on either side of the central axis.
formal balance
The ___ of the open flower, with its petals extending outward from a central point, was the focus of the poster.
radial balance
The arrangement of the statue and the viewer in the landscape drawing created a subtle ___.
informal balance
What unit is usually used to define the proportions of an individual figure?
head
What are three of the ways an artist can create unity in a work of art?
c.Simplicity, Repetition, Proximity
An example of _____ balance is Horace Pippin's Cabin in the Cotton.
informal
The emotional impact Jan van Eyck's _____ suggest that of a realistic work in which a serious and formal event is taking place. The union of the hands suggest the endurance of the relationship and the stability of their love.
Arnofini Wedding
In the work of Pablo Picasso_____ the exaggeration of the limbs and thinness of the man reflect the desperation of his situation. The angular position creates a painting that expresses sympathy for his condition
Old Guitarist
Homage to Gogol by Marc Chagall uses _____to enhance his great admiration for Nikolay Vasilyevich Gogol, a nineteenth-century author of plays, short stories, and novels that stand out as masterpieces of Russian literature.
exaggeration
Louise Nevelson is known for _____her work by repeating shapes and using one color.
unifying
Marie Bashkirtseff uses _____ to unify her work.
proximity
Gaston Lachaise uses exaggerated _____ to create a small scale sculpture of a woman, yet the feeling of the statue is monumental due to the smaller head size.
proportions
George Bellows uses the rule of _____ in order to draw the viewer's eye.
thirds
An art style that combined a variety of styles allowing for more individual approach to painting was ___.
Post-Impressionism
The art style called ___ depicts objects as precisely and accurately as they actually appear.
Super-Realism
___ are large monuments created from huge stone slabs.
megalith
The art style that emphasized abstract elements of art rather than recognizable subject matter was referred to as ___.
Abstract Expressionism
Buildings that are well-constructed, aesthetically pleasing, and functional are designed by ___.
architects
The art style that uses a minimum of art elements is ___.
Minimalism
An ___ creates the visual images that complement written words.
illustrator
___ creates visually appealing, but easy-to-use sites for businesses on the Internet.
web artist
____is an art style in which dream, fantasy, and the subconscious served as inspiration for artist.
Surrealism
___ is an art style that captured everyday subjects and emphasized the momentary effects of sunlight.
Impressionism
___is the period of rebirth or reawakening at the end of the Middle Ages.
Renaissance
___ are identifying symbols
logos
___ is the art style characterized by very rich colors and flat, stiff figures.
Byzantine
Italian artists of the Renaissance studied __ art in order to depict people and objects accurately.
classical
The ___ art of Muslim world is extremely decorative.
Islamic
Baroque artist emphasize ___ in their work.
dramatic lighting
In The Conversion of St. Paul by Carravagio use _____ to dramatize this mysterious scene of Saul being converted to Christianity.
chiaroscuro
______, built by the masterful stone fitting Incans, was built so well that a knife blade cannot be slipped between any two.
Machu-Picchu
A mixture of clay and water that acts like a glue to join two pieces of clay together.
slip
A clay made from the discovery of kaolin.
porcelain
A tool used on the pottery wheel to make the sides of your vessel smooth, straight, angled, curved or shaped.
rib
Which clay has the lowest firing temperature?
earthenware
What kind of clay do we use in this class?
stoneware
What tool is used to wipe back extra clay or water when throwing on the wheel?
sponge
When throwing on the wheel we often lean back to check the ___ of the form?
contour
When footing a vessel you use a ___ to carve out the bottom to refine the vessel.
trim tool
A flux (melter) , alumina (stabilizer), silica (glass former), and colorant make up this substance we use to cover the surface of the vessel in the final stage of creating.
glaze
A ___ is used to transport clay from one place to the other so that finger indentations do not ruin the piece.
ware board
We often refer to our work as ___; which means a hollow container used to hold liquids.
vessels
This is the first stage of firing; which leaves the clay porous enough to accept glaze.
bisque
Fine art is different from craft because ___.
Fine art is meant to be looked at and crafts are meant to be used.
When glazing ware you must keep glaze from sticking to the bottom of the surface or it will __.
stick to the kiln shelf during firing
Red Iron Oxide is a colorant that produces _____ in our glazes and slips
brown
Copper Carbonate is a colorant that produces _____ in our glazes and slips.
green
Cobalt Carbonate is a colorant that produces ____ in our glazes and slips.
blue
_____ is one of the most important steps in ceramics. It is used to blend and mix the clay by aligning the platelets, so the work is more plastic.
Wedging
Oxidation firing allows _____ in the firing atmosphere.
oxygen
____ firings starve the oxygen in the flame to create carbon build up.
Reduction
Clay ____ is one of the most hazardous aspects of working in the clay studio.
dust-- always use water and sponge to clean up
This technique uses solid clay logs to create a work of art.
Coil
This technique uses a slab of clay that is gently coerced into a bowl or other form.
drape or push mold
When an artist makes part of the piece on the wheel and the other from hand-building we call it a ___?
combination pot
Clay is made from?
decomposed rock
The bottom of a bowl is called the ___ and is trimmed to be completed.
foot
_______ painted soup cans and made people in the '60s stop and see for the first time what the commercial world looked and felt like.
Andy Warhol
Cubism refers to objects that have been broken down into ____.
simplified shapes
Janet Fish is an artist that primarily deals with ___ as her subject matter
reflective surfaces
In 1977 Cindy Sherman began the "Untitled Film Stills." What were these photo's about?
roles of women
Edward Degas was an artist known mostly for his ____.
ballerina paintings
List the the matting process.
Measure the length and width of the artwork. Add 5.5 to the L x W to get a 3" border. Once the new dimensions are calculated cut the mat paper to that size. Measure a 3" border around the mat paper. Cut the mat with a utility knife and ruler to get straight edges. Place the artwork over the open window. Tape the corners. Then measure the backing so that it covers the entire artwork. Secure the backing with tape around all four edges. Sign your name.
What is the purpose of backing?
it holds the artwork in the mat
What type of eraser is used for removing a tiny bit of value from a charcoal drawing or pencil drawing?
kneaded eraser
Name the artists that made Untitled Film Still #58
Cindy Sherman
Name the artist that made 32 Soup Cans
Andy Warhol
Name the artist that made Green Glass
Janet Fish
Name the artist that made Dance
Edgar Degas
Name the artist that made Mount Sainte-Victoire
Paul Cezanne
Name the artists that made Triple Self-Portrait
Norman Rockwell
Name the artists that made The Juggler
Marc Chagall
Name the artists that made Lavender Mist
Jackson Pollock
Name the artists that made I and the Village
Marc Chagall
Name the artists that made The Creation of Adam
Michelangelo
Name the artists that made Fire in the Barnyard
Thomas Hart Benton
Name the artists that made Persistence of Memory
Salvador Dali
Describe the pottery Picasso made at Madoura
Picasso was interested in mythological beings. You can see the resemblance of his figurative painting in some of the works at Madoura.
Describe black figure pottery from Greece.
In black-figure painting, figures and ornamentation were drawn on the natural clay surface of a vase in glossy black pigment; the finishing details were incised into the black.
What is one vessel form that Warren MacKenzie is known for?
Faceted lidded jar with a little button accent
Bernard Leach is one of the best know Brittish potters known for his ___.
Japenese inspired brush work, like those found on works such as his bottle vases.
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