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Body planes, directional terms,body cavities

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Body planes
Are imaginary lines drawn through the body at various parts to separate the body into sections.
Transverse plane
Is a horizontal plane that divides the body into a top half and a bottom half.
Superior
Body parts above other parts.
Inferior
Body parts below other parts.
Cranial
Body parts located near the head.
Caudal
Body parts located near the sacral region of the spinal column (also known as the "tail").
Midsagittal or Median plane
Divides the body into right and left sides.
Medial
Body parts close to the midline, or plane.
Lateral
Body parts away from the midline.
Frontal or coronal plane
Divides the body into a front section and a back section.
Ventral or anterior
Body parts in front of the plane, or on the front of the body.
Dorsal cavity or posterior
Body parts on the back of the body.
Proximal
Body parts close to the point of reference.
Distal
Body parts distant from the point of reference.
Body cavities
Are spaces within the body that contain vital organs.
Dorsal cavity
Is the long, continuous cavity located on the back of the body.
Cranial cavity
Contains the brain.
Spinal cavity
Contains the spinal cord.
Ventral Cavities
Found on the front and is separated into two distinct cavities by the dome-shaped muscle.
Thoracic Cavity
Is located in the chest and contains the esophagus, trachea, bronchi, lungs, heart, and large blood vessels.
Abdominal Cavity
Is divides into an upper part and a lower part. It contains the stomach, small intestine, most of the large intestines, appendix, liver, gallbladder, pancreas,and spleen.
Pelvic Cavity
Contains the urinary bladder, the reproductive organs, and the last part of the large intestine.
Orbital Cavity
For the eyes.
Nasal cavity
For the nose.
Buccal Cavity
Or mouth for the teeth and tongue.