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Body planes

Are imaginary lines drawn through the body at various parts to separate the body into sections.

Transverse plane

Is a horizontal plane that divides the body into a top half and a bottom half.


Body parts above other parts.


Body parts below other parts.


Body parts located near the head.


Body parts located near the sacral region of the spinal column (also known as the "tail").

Midsagittal or Median plane

Divides the body into right and left sides.


Body parts close to the midline, or plane.


Body parts away from the midline.

Frontal or coronal plane

Divides the body into a front section and a back section.

Ventral or anterior

Body parts in front of the plane, or on the front of the body.

Dorsal cavity or posterior

Body parts on the back of the body.


Body parts close to the point of reference.


Body parts distant from the point of reference.

Body cavities

Are spaces within the body that contain vital organs.

Dorsal cavity

Is the long, continuous cavity located on the back of the body.

Cranial cavity

Contains the brain.

Spinal cavity

Contains the spinal cord.

Ventral Cavities

Found on the front and is separated into two distinct cavities by the dome-shaped muscle.

Thoracic Cavity

Is located in the chest and contains the esophagus, trachea, bronchi, lungs, heart, and large blood vessels.

Abdominal Cavity

Is divides into an upper part and a lower part. It contains the stomach, small intestine, most of the large intestines, appendix, liver, gallbladder, pancreas,and spleen.

Pelvic Cavity

Contains the urinary bladder, the reproductive organs, and the last part of the large intestine.

Orbital Cavity

For the eyes.

Nasal cavity

For the nose.

Buccal Cavity

Or mouth for the teeth and tongue.

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