The first jazz recordings were made by the original ____ of New Orleans in early 1917.
Jazz band instrumentation
The common instrumentation for jazz groups during the 1920s included a ____, 5 saxophones, 4 trumpets, and 4 trombones, and rhythm section.
King ____ was a jazz cornet player and bandleader; he was also the mentor and teacher of Louis Armstrong.
____ Morton was the first important jazz composer-arranger.
Louis ___ developed the solo format, increased the practical playing range of the trumpet, introduced new techniques to the trumpet, introduced scat singing to Chicago, wide vibrato, and swinging related time feel.
Jelly Roll Morton played ___ and claimed to have invented jazz while Louis Armstrong didn't claim to invent jazz and wrote down the music.
The earliest jazz pianists and trumpet/cornetists were Jelly Roll Morton, Louis Armstrong, and Buddy ____.
The 1920s Chicago music scene became the ___ for New Orleans-based jazz.
The earliest jazz musicians were from ___- and ended up in Chicago and New York.
Buddy Bolden played the ___; he influenced Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong.
Europeans made ____ and ragtime highly syncopated, off-beat accents and improvisation (rhythmically); Africans gave them call and response, cross-fertilization of music and dance, and instruments to emulate the voice.
_____ dionysian dances with a zombie-like trance is a jazz feature that reflects African musical tastes and has been retained in African American music.
Musical elements that are common to both jazz and blues music include ____, call and response, and the 12-bar chorus.
Early jazz differs from its roots (pre-jazz styles) as it had musical traditions of blacks that ____ with the changing social structure of the community.
Elements of ragtime that are considered due mostly to European influence include the ___ styles, marches, and folk dances.
John Philip ___'s marches influenced ragtime.
Jazz was not born in New York City because New Orleans was very ___ due to the location; plus, the city had an extensive African American population.
The distinct European contributions to the formation of jazz include European classical music, ___ bands, and marching bands.
___ contributions to early jazz include call and response, use of highly complex rhythms, and ____ folk music.
___ notes are melodies derived from the blues scale (12-bar chorus).
The opening of New Orlean's ___ in the 1890's helped jazz prosper.
___ songs is a musical element that is common to both African and European music as well as jaz.
Some important ____ musicians include: Blind Lemon Jefferson, Black Snake Moon Robert Johnson, Ma Rainey, Eddie James "Son" House, Bessie Smith, and Muddy Waters.
___ is when the entire horn section plays a melodic line in harmony.
___ is when one section of the horns and saxophones are featured playing a melodic line in harmony.
___ is when rhythms which make part or all of a tune or piece of music off-beat.
___ is the quality of a musical sound or voice as distinct from its pitch and intensity.
__ is a passage that brings a piece to an end.
The ____ era differs from early jazz and pre-jazz styles because it had more use of written arrangements, less emphasis on ragtime like compositions, and less collective improvisation.
The favored instrument for swing era bands is ____.
The most famous ___ were Coleman Hawkins (piano), Teddy Wilson (piano), and Django Reinhardt (guitar).
Some influential ___ were Teddy Wilson and Count Basie.
Some ____ include Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday, Sarah Vaughn, and Mary Lou Williams.
A brass ___ includes trumpets, trombones, and cornets.
Swing was so ____ because it was arranged and it had catchy rhythms.
New technologies such as the ability to ___ music impacted the Swing Era and the music business.
Armstrong, Morton, Ellington, Goodman, and Basie were important to jazz in the first half of the 20th century because they all ___ upon what the basics of jazz were and made it better.
Duke ___ was the key innovator of soloing in early jazz and swing era jazz.