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African American Music TEST 3
Terms in this set (25)
what was the name of the Ethiopian minstrel show started by Charles Barney Hicks?
who was the world's greatest minstrel man?
who was the "queen of staccato", born in Natchez, MS, and the prima donna of the concert stage?
Marie Selika Williams
who was the virtuous piano prodigy, who knew more than 7000 pieces?
Thomas Green Bathume or "Blind Tom"
what city was home to the largest number of brass bands?
who was the legendary gang leader in New York, who sponsored the annual Christmas reception for the black community?
in 1803, with music and some highly musical people, who was a landmark in the field of writing?
what was the most striking religious movement of black churches of the 1890s?
holiness and sanctified
name African traditions associated with holiness and sanctified religious movement
-speaking in tongues
define nationalism in music
-pride in your country's folk music
-taking action to preserve it
-creating new pieces based on your folk traditions
who was the Czech composer that started nationalism in the US?
who was the African American composer who turned to the folk music of his people as a source of inspiration of more than 300 compositions?
Harry T. Burleigh
who was the composer primarily associated with theater?
Will Marion Cook
who was the composer who wrote "Lift Every Voice and Sing"?
J. Rosamond Johnson
who was the first violinist to make transcontinental tours?
describe ragtime (listing 5 important facts)
-it was one of the earliest manifestations of the distinctive style of entertainment music developed by black musicians to fit their own personal needs and express their own individuality
-it was associated primarily with the piano and the style of piano-rag music called "jig piano," which was a natural outgrowth of dance-music practices among blacks
-in piano-rag music, the left hand took over the task of stomping & patting while the right hand performed syncopated melodies, using motives reminiscent of fiddle and banjo tunes
-white America first became aware of the new style because of the novelty of its syncopated rhythms in the dance music and "coon songs" of minstrelsy
-it was in partnership with the dance called the cakewalk that syncopated music made its most impressive showing
-the ragtime song was characterized by a regular, straightforward bass and a lightly, syncopated melody
who is the king of ragtime?
who was the ragtime pianist who was also a blues man and a jazz man?
Jelly Roll Morton
who was the ragtime pianist from Baltimore who composed more than 350 pieces?
compare and contrast the blues and the spirituals
the spiritual is religious rather than worldly and tends to be more generalized in its expression than specific, more figurative in its language than direct, and more expressive of group feelings than individual ones
-blues lyrics: worldly (issues of the world), specific, direct (literal), and individual
-spiritual lyrics: religious (issues of religion/God), generalized (broad), figurative (not literal), and group (more than one person)
describe the structure of blues - the blues form
-A A B lyric structure
-12 bar chordal structure
who is known as the "father of the blues"?
W. C. Handy
describe the repertoire of the brass bands of this period, particularly the music they played for their funerals
-it included marches of all kinds, hymns, overtures, medleys of popular songs or operatic arias, and "light classics"
-when they would play for funerals, on the way to the cemetery it was customary to play a dirge very slowly and mournfully or a hymn, but on the way out of the cemetery they would strike up a lively spiritual, a ragtime song, or a syncopated march
who directed the best military band in the world during WWI?
FIRST QUESTION ON TEST: who was the singing group made popular by its black members singing African American slave spirituals around the world to people who had never heard them & loved them?
Fisk Jubilee Singers
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