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Is the total knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group


A group that shares a geographic region, a sense of society of identity , and a culture

Ethnic Group

Used to refer to a specific group that shares a language, customs, and a common heritage


Taking existing technology and resources and creating something new to meet a need


The spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior

Cultural hearth

Is a site of innovation from which basic ideas, materials, and technology diffuse to many cultures


Occurs when a society changes because it accepts or adopts an innovation


Reflects changes in speech patterns related to class, region, or other cultural changes


Consists of a belief in a supernatural power or powers that are regarded as the creators and maintainers of the universe


The number of live births each year per 1,000 people

Fertility rate

the average number of children a woman of childbearing years would have in her lifetime, if she had children at the current rate for her country

Mortality rate

Number of death during a specified period / number of people at risk of dying during the period (population

Infant mortality rate

A figure that describes the number of babies that die within the first year of their lives in a given population.

Rate of natural increase

birth rate minus the death rate, suggesting the annual rate of population growth without considering net migration

Population pyramid

A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.

push-pull factors

Conditions that draw people to another location (pull factors) or cause people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region (push factors)

Population density

A measurement of the number of people per given unit of land

Carrying capacity

Largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support


Belief in one God


Belief in many gods


Belief in divine forces of nature


Believes in one god; considered an ethnic religion with a long tradition of faith and culture tied tightly together; monotheistic religion


Believes in one or many gods, each whom represents an aspect of the divine spirit, Brahman; polytheistic religion


Believes in one god; based on the teachings of Jesus Christ, whom followers believe was theSon of God; monotheistic religion


Believes in one god, called Allah; based on the teachings of Prophet Muhammad; monotheistic religion

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