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25 terms

World Geography Chapter 4 Section 1+2 Vocab Terms 9th Grade

STUDY
PLAY
Culture
Is the total knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group
Society
A group that shares a geographic region, a sense of society of identity , and a culture
Ethnic Group
Used to refer to a specific group that shares a language, customs, and a common heritage
Innovation
Taking existing technology and resources and creating something new to meet a need
Diffusion
The spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior
Cultural hearth
Is a site of innovation from which basic ideas, materials, and technology diffuse to many cultures
Acculturation
Occurs when a society changes because it accepts or adopts an innovation
Dialect
Reflects changes in speech patterns related to class, region, or other cultural changes
Religion
Consists of a belief in a supernatural power or powers that are regarded as the creators and maintainers of the universe
Birthrate
The number of live births each year per 1,000 people
Fertility rate
the average number of children a woman of childbearing years would have in her lifetime, if she had children at the current rate for her country
Mortality rate
Number of death during a specified period / number of people at risk of dying during the period (population
Infant mortality rate
A figure that describes the number of babies that die within the first year of their lives in a given population.
Rate of natural increase
birth rate minus the death rate, suggesting the annual rate of population growth without considering net migration
Population pyramid
A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
push-pull factors
Conditions that draw people to another location (pull factors) or cause people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region (push factors)
Population density
A measurement of the number of people per given unit of land
Carrying capacity
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support
Monotheistic
Belief in one God
Polytheistic
Belief in many gods
Animistic
Belief in divine forces of nature
Judaism
Believes in one god; considered an ethnic religion with a long tradition of faith and culture tied tightly together; monotheistic religion
Hinduism
Believes in one or many gods, each whom represents an aspect of the divine spirit, Brahman; polytheistic religion
Christianity
Believes in one god; based on the teachings of Jesus Christ, whom followers believe was theSon of God; monotheistic religion
Islam
Believes in one god, called Allah; based on the teachings of Prophet Muhammad; monotheistic religion