World Studies, 3rd Edition, BJU - Chapter 5
Terms in this set (43)
a bench on which money lenders sat
a large church often built in wealthy cities
A document freeing townspeople from feudal duties.
rules and expectations for knights
uniform laws for all of England
a record of accusations issued by a court.
a papal decree denying groups access to sacraments.
local citizens who accused criminals.
a nobleman's estate.
Mayor of the Palace
The leading palace official for the French King
Power of the purse
phrase that refers to Parliament's ability to limit the King's power by controlling taxes
Gothic churches uses flying buttresses. These stone suppports were built onto the cathedral's outside walls. They made it possible to build churches with thinner walls and large stained glass windows.
A legal document written by English lords in 1215 that stated certain rights and limited the power of the King
1198-1216 Greatest of popes in Medieval Europe. Made the kings of Europe bend to his will because he had the power to excommunicate and proclaim interdict.
everyday language of ordinary people
Established circuit courts under royal control with justices that traveled throughout the land hearing cases
William the Conqueror
Invaded England from Normandy in 1066; extended tight feudal system to England; established administrative system based on sheriffs; established centralized monarchy.
king of France; seized much of the English-controlled land in France
Roman Catholic seizure of Spain and Portugal from the Muslims
the Count of Paris who founded a new royal line in France, the Capetians
royal officials in France, also "baillifs", who collected taxes for the king and ensured justice in carrying out laws
a series of military expeditions in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by Western European Christians to reclaim control of the Holy Land from the Muslims; most of the crusades failed and efforts ended by the late 13th century
...leader of one of the Frankish kingdoms in 481. He combined several kingdoms using military force. He embraced Christianity his royal line was known as the Merovingians.
...mean "Charles the Great" He was one of Pepins sons and became sole ruler over the Frankish kingdom. 800 he was declared Roman emperor by the pope.
...leader of the church of Rome. First pope Leo I in the fifth century.
...Power of the pope increased during the ninth century. The pope was supreme leader over the church and state
Medieval Warm Period
...warming of the climate in Europe beginning in the eleventh century
...Courts with judges who heard cases in a particular province(circuit) of England
...began as a group of advisors to the king. Eventually became two groups. The House of Lords and the House of Commons
...people who lived in towns included the merchants, bankers, craftsmen and other skilled laborers
letter of credit
...Money that banks would lend to merchants for business and trading
Peace of God
..., church decree making church property off limits for fighting among knights
Truce of God
...,A church decree restricting fighting among knights on weekends and Holy Days
...Studies taught in medieval universities for the nobility
..., Style of church architecture using round arches, domes, thick walls, and small windows. Used in the early Middle Ages used elements of Roman styles.
...a style of construction developed in the thirteenth century. used in when building churches
...Italian writer who wrote the Divine Comedy a poem
...English poet who wrote The Canterbury Tales
Great Famine of 1315
...First disaster to strike large ares of Europe. Started with heavy rains which caused the crops to rot and many to starve
Hundred Years' war
...Between 1337 and 1453 England and France fought a series of battles over the control of land.
...English king who was related to the French royalty through his mother and he claimed the right to the French throne
Joan of Arc
..A peasant girl who led the French and helped defeat the English. She was captured and burned at the stake.
..., A deadly plague that swept through Europe between 1347 and 1351 during middle ages