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Archery Coaching Certification - Basic
Terms in this set (121)
Target Archery Target description
5-color, 10-ring target face
# of Countries participating in Olympic Archery
more than 140
The Olympic Round consists of
Match Play elimination rounds for men's & women's classes, shot at 122cm FITA face at 70 m
Field Archery distances are
marked and unmarked
Field Archery Rounds include
Field Rounds, Hunter Rounds and Animal Rounds
3D Archery is shot at
3D foam targets painted to resemble game animals. Mostly unmarked distances.
The official organization for Olympic Archery in the US is
USA Archery is a member of
FITA (World Archery- WA)
Some USA Archery Programs are
1. Resident Athlete
2. USA Archery Team
4. College Division
5. Instructor Training Courses
NFAA stands for
National Field Archery Association
The NFAA hosts and sanctions
Field and 3D archery events
The NFAA is a member of
The two major 3D archery associations are
IBO and ASA
NASP stands for
National Archery in the Schools Program
The Archery Trade Association (ATA) is
the archery & bowhunting industry trade association
On flat outdoor fields, the minimum safety area behind the targets should be
50 yards or more
On outdoor fields, the safety areas to either side of the range should be no less than
15 yards, and should be roped off unless the range is in a protected area.
On outdoor fields (or any archery range,) spectators may not
walk onto the range.
Where possible, outdoor fields should be set up with the archers facing
Why clear the safety area behind the targets?
to help avoid lost and broken arrows, and to avoid archers tripping over unseen hazards.
A range should have three lines: they are...
a shooting line, a waiting line and a target line.
If making range lines with rope, DO NOT
secure the ends of the rope or tape.
The shooting line should be at a distance that will allow the kids to
hit the target every time
The waiting line is how far behind the shooting line?
3 yards, to give the range director a clear view of the shooters
The target line should be how far in front of the targets?
5 feet. Kids not pulling arrows should stand behind this line.
Indoor ranges don't need side safety areas because
the walls can serve as safety barriers
Instead of a 50 yard safety area, an indoor range has what behind the targets?
a Safety curtain
Never allow anyone to walk behind the safety curtain while
shooting is in progress.
Indoor range side doors in the line of fire of the archers should be
locked, and have signs posted on them saying archery is in progress inside.
To protect a gym floor,
don't put any equipment directly on it. Use bow racks, side quivers, ground quivers; and use easy-to-remove tape to mark lanes
Field Archers courses are
different every time
Field Archery lanes should have a minimum width of
The safety lanes on either side of a Field Archery lane should have a minimum width of
# of students age 6-7 per instructor
# of students age 8-9 per instructor
# of students age 10-11 per instructor
# of students age 12-15 per instructor
up to 12
# of students age 15 and up per instructor
To safely string a recurve bow, use
the Step-through method or a cord bowstringer. NEVER use the push-pull method!
The Step-through method is best for
straight, all-fiberglass bows
The cord bowstringer is best for
laminated recurve bows
Two whistles means
everyone go to the shooting line
One whistle means
everyone may commence shooting their arrows
5 or more whistles means
stop shooting immediately, even if at full draw. Let down, put arrows in quiver, and wait.
When an archer is done shooting, he should
return back behind the waiting line, placing bow on the rack
3 whistles means
retrieve your arrows
Archers must stand where to pull their arrows?
to the side of the target
Archers on the same target should _____ pulling their arrows.
Dropped arrows should be
left on the ground until the 3 whistle signal is given
Arrows should be pointed
down or towards the target ONLY
The last person to come back from the targets is
The two primary goals of the first class are
Safety and Foundation skills
Keep the students shooting as long as possible at a
blank bale, so as to have them focus on technique rather than on aiming
Before handing out equipment
check each student for loose clothing, hats or jewelry that might get caught while shooting.
Proper arrow length should be
the point of the arrow at least one inch past the archer's fingertips, with the nock touching the chest.
An archer should hold the bow
by the grip, or set it down on his toes.
The proper size of a recurve bow should be about
the same height as the archer.
On a right-hand bow, the sight window is on the
The ratio of right-hand to left-hand bows should be
about 5 right hand to every 1 left hand.
The 1-2-3 Alignment Drill is
Start by straddling the shooting line.
1. raise arms to a T, keeping shoulders, ribs, and chest down. Palms face down.
2. Turn head towards target, keeping it straight.
3. Bring drawing hand to face by bending elbow while maintaining alignment.
This is the feeling one should have at full draw.
Repeat at leas 5 times.
The Shoulder Shrug Drill is
Raise shoulders up towards ears, then push fingertips down towards the ground. Repeat 5 times.
The 1-2-3 Release Drill is
From the full-draw position, count 1-2-3. On 3, move your release hand along the side of face toward ear. Fingers remain relaxed, hand in contact with face and neck. Finish with fingers just touching neck below your ear.
First do drill without aids, then with stretch band or string loop. Use mirror. Practice at home.
When demonstrating the first shot,
talk through the Shot Sequence.
close to the nock.
Bow hand position
make a Y with fingers and thumb. place hand on grip with knuckles at a 45 degree angle and thumb pointed toward target.
Draw hand position
Three fingers under (beginners)
If an archer exhibits strong eye cross dominance,
check eye dominance and switch the bow.
When the first arrow is being show, the instructor should
watch each archer individually, one at a time.
When pulling arrows, one hand is on the target around the arrow, and the other hand is
touching the first hand.
Before pulling arrows, the archer should
check behind to make sure no one is standing there.
After pulling each arrow, the archer should
place that arrow in the quiver or on the ground before pulling the next one.
When carrying arrows back to a ground quiver, an archer should
hold the arrows with two hands, points in the palm of the hand. cover the points and hold loosely near the fletching.
The 10 Steps are
1. Stance and Posture
2. Nocking the Arrow
3. Set (bow hand, draw hand)
4. Set-up (raise and partial draw)
5. Draw and Load
7. Transfer and Hold
8. Aim and expand
Proper Basic Form is
Standing straight and tall like the letter "T"
Shoulders are even
Bow wrist is even with shoulders
Rear elbow is even or slightly higher than shoulders
Bow hand relaxed
Head straight and upright
Hips straight and even
Weight evenly distributed
Bow not canted
Just like 1-2-3 Release Motion Drill
Head remains steady and motionless
Drawing hand releases straight back
Shoulders remain level
Corrections should be made with
Positive Reinforcement: not "your head is crooked," but "keep your head straight." Then watch, and compliment.
When working with new archers, stand
with one foot on either side of the line, facing them; or slightly behind the line; with both hands free.
The GUMBY technique is
to "mold" the archers into a proper position, to get the feel of it right for them.
The OREO technique is
Compliment something the archer is doing right.
Give positive corrective instruction.
Compliment the specific skill you've just taught.
When touching an archer,
tell them where you are going to touch before you do it; avoid the hips; ask permission first, keep your hands flat with thumbs on the side.
When introducing Drills and Skills,
1. Introduce the name and reason
2. Explain the drill/skill
3. Demonstrate the drill/skill
4. Practice and correct the drill/skill
5. Evaluate the drill/skill
In an open stance,
turn the feet 30 degrees towards the target Hips stay in line with feet, shoulders line up with target. Feet shoulder-width apart. Hips tucked under, chest down. Tilt slightly forward for 60-70% of weight on balls of feet. Once feet are planted, leave them there!
Bow Hand Position Drill & Skill
Raise bow arm, holding bow hand out toward target.
Make a Y with your fingers and thumb, then allow fingers to relax. Knuckles at 45-degree angle and thumb pointed toward target.
Setting the Hook Drill & Skill
The string goes on or behind the first groove of the first 3 fingers. Fingers and back of hand relaxed. Practice with a heavy bucket etc.
Elbow Rotation Drill
Hold hand against door edge. Practice rotating elbow so the inside of the arm is vertical. Keep shoulder down and back, and bow hand in proper position.
Side of Face Anchor
At full draw, place the first finger of your drawing hand on the corner of your mouth. Pull the hand in snug to face. Keep fingers and back of hand relaxed. Line the string up with center of bow.
Coaching Positions are
Front Position, Back Position and Rear Position
Front Coaching Position is for
Straight Body alignment
Shoulders level and relaxed
Relaxed bow hand
String hand flat and relaxed
drawing arm and elbow even or slightly elevated
Back Coaching Position is for
Correct Arrow Draw Length
Shoulders even and straight
Head Straight over body
Rear Coaching Position is for
Posture (bottom tucked under)
Bow straight up and down
Proper release motion
Left arrow patterns are caused by
gripping bow too tightly
aiming with wrong eye
peeking at target on release (RH archer)
Pulling the string away from the face (RH archer)
Right arrow patterns are caused by
gripping bow too tightly
Aiming with the wrong eye
Peeking at target on release (LH archer)
Pulling string away from face (LH archer)
High arrow patterns are caused by
Heeling the bow (tipping up)
Pulling the bowstring back too far
raising the bow arm during release
pulling the release hand down during release
low drawing elbow
Low arrow patterns are caused by
Dropping the bow arm on release
Moving the head forward to the string
Collapsing the bow arm
Creeping (anchor creeps forward)
Leaning towards the target
Arrow nocked above nock locator
Low Right Arrows are caused by
String hitting chest of LH archer
Canting bow to the right
Weak bow arm
Low Left Arrows are caused by
String hitting chest of RH archer
Canting bow to left
Weak bow arm
The JOAD Round scores
12 ends of 3 arrows, or 6 ends of 6 arrows at a 40cm target face at 18m
When writing scores on a scorecard,
write the higher scores down first
"Drills" are methods of practicing that
do NOT require the use of a bow, or use the bow without shooting an arrow. Some may use a string loop or stretch band. Use mirror when possible.
To make a string loop:
Use 1/8" diameter cord. Cut in 7 ft lengths. Help archers tie the cord in a loop appropriate to their draw length. Tie a smaller loop to wrap around the hand.
When calculating draw weight from draw length,
add or subtract 2 lbs of draw weight for every inch of difference in draw length from the standard 28-inch draw length, based on the draw weight marked on the bow.
Draw weight sample calculation: If a bow has a marked draw weight of 18 lb, but the archer has a 32 inch draw length, the actual draw weight will be:
26 lbs. (32-28 = 4 inches; 4 x 2 = 8 more lbs; 8lbs + 18 lbs = 26 lbs.)
Bow Size to Archer Size match:
48" bows for 5-7 year olds
54" bows for 8-10 year olds
60-62" bows for 11-14 year-olds
66" bows for taller teens and adults
Compound bows must be fitted to the archer, unless
it is a Universal Draw Length Compound bow.
Arrow materials are
wood, fiberglass, aluminum, or carbon.
Feather vs. Vanes
Feathers are more forgiving; vanes are more durable unless archers have close groupings.
Arrow Length by age
up to 8 yo - 24"
8-11 - 26"
11 and up - 26-32"
Be especially careful for taller archers
Armguards, fingertabs or shooting gloves or rubber finger guard; quivers (side and ground.)
Storing a bow properly means
Hang unstrung with string attached on wooden pegs. Never completely remove the string.
Arrows and leather goods should be stored
indoors to protect from mold
Fiberglass bows may be repaired by
cleaning well, using a two part epoxy, wrap with adhesive tape for 24 hr, remove tape and sand smooth. Heavy tape can be used as a quick fix.
Cracked wooden bows should
not be repaired. Dispose of.
A good camp bow string is
a continuous loop, 12-strand Dacron string with center servings. Keep clean and waxed.
When stringing a recurve bow, the larger loop goes
over the top limb, while the smaller loop placed into the lower limb notch.
Correct a twisted limb on a take-down recurve bow with
a shim. Unstring the bow and loosen the limb bolt. Shim up the side that the string has move to. Us one or more pieces of card stock or heavy paper to shim, the re-tighten the limb bolt.
The nock locator should be positioned so that
the arrow is slightly above perpendicular to the bow string, by about 1/8th inch.
The nock locator is placed using a
bow square and nock set pliers.
The best arrow rests for camp use are
heavy plastic hunter arrow rests
Cracked or broken arrows should be
broken into pieces, and thrown away or used to make awards.
You can adjust teh draw weight of a compound bow by
turning the limb bolts with the supplied Allen wrench. Adjust each limb bolt the same amount, turning clockwise to increase bow weight and counter-clockwise to decrease. Bow weight will change about 1.5 lbs per turn.
When handling a difficult student,
1. Remind the entire group of the rule.
2. Walk up to the individual and remind him of the rule.
3. Tell the student he will need to follow the rules or he will not be allowed to participate.
4. Take the arrows from his quiver, tell him to sit behind the waiting line and watch the rest until he is willing to follow the rules.