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PSY 150 Chapter 5

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Sensory adaptation refers to
reduced sensitivity to an unchanging stimulus
A time lag between sound waves striking our left and right ears is important for accurately
locating sounds
Telepathy refers to the
extrasensory transmission of thoughts from one mind to another
When Rick learned that many students had received a failing grade on the midterm exam, he was no longer disappointed by his C grade. His experience best illustrates the importance of
context effects
The greatest difficulty facing contemporary research on ESP is the
lack of reproducible evidence of ESP
Relative height is a cue involving our perception of objects higher in our field of vision as
farther away
The perceptual tendency to fill in gaps in order to perceive disconnected parts as a whole object is called
closure
People judge the temperature of a room as colder following the experience of
social exclusion
The sense of touch includes the four basic sensations of
pressure, pain, warmth, and cold
Suppose two objects cast retinal images of the same size. The object that appears to be closer is perceived as ________ the object that appears to be more distant
smaller than
Damage to the retina's area of central focus would probably have the LEAST effect on visual sensitivity to ________ stimuli
dimly illuminated
Psychics who have worked with police departments in an effort to solve difficult crimes have demonstrated the value of
none of these abilities
clairvoyance.
telepathy.
precognition.
Lenore had been blind from birth. Immediately after corrective eye surgery, she could visually perceive figure-ground relationships. Lenore's ability supports whose view of where perceptual abilities come from?
Immanuel Kant
As the retinal image of a horse galloping toward you becomes larger, it is unlikely that the horse will appear to grow larger. This best illustrates the importance of
size constancy
As the airplane descended for a landing, the pilot saw several beautiful islands that appeared to float in a vast expanse of blue ocean water. In this instance, the ocean is a
ground
Those who reject a dissociation theory of hypnosis believe that hypnosis is a form of normal
social influence
To experience color constancy, we should view things
in relation to surrounding objects
The perceived size of an object is most strongly influenced by that object's perceived
distance
Eardrum vibrations are transmitted to the cochlea by a piston consisting of
the hammer, anvil, and stirrup
People are less bothered by pain if they carry a gene that boosts the normal supply of
endorphins