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Geography: Middle East
Mostly dry climate in southwest Asia.
A region that is a flat plain that lies between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River.
Called this because of its shape and the richness of its soil.
A thick bed of mud left after the Tigris and Euphrates rivers flood at least once a year.
The first to settle in the region of the Fertile Crescent because of the rich soil.
Three Disadvantages / Environmental Challenges
1. Unpredictable flooding / dry summer months.
2. No natural barriers for protection - small villages lying in open plain were defenseless
3. Limited natural resources (stone, wood, metal)
1. Irrigation ditches
2. Built city walls with bricks
3. Traded with people around them for the products they lacked.
The longest river in Africa
The ocean that lies east of Africa.
Large body of water that separates Africa from Europe.
The sea that lies south of the Sinai Peninsula and is linked to the Indian Ocean.
Chain of mountains located in the southern part of modern Turkey.
Body of water that lies between the Arabian Peninsula and modern Iraq.
River that flows southeast across modern Iraq, near the city of Baghdad.
River located southwest of the Tigris River and flows southeast to the Persian Gulf.
Mountain range located east of the Tigris River, in the southwestern part of Iran.
Desert that lies west of the Nile River and covers parts of modern Egypt, Libya, and Sudan.
Desert that lies mostly south of Egypt located between the Nile River and the Red Sea.
Triangular area, bordered by water on three sides, connecting the continents of Africa and Asia.
Body of water fed by the Jordan River and lies south of the Sea of Galilee.
River that flows through the Sea of Galilee and into the Dead Sea.
Mountain range that runs parallel to the Mediterranean Sea from Lebanon into Syria.
Desert located between the Sinai Peninsula and the Dead Sea.
The northernmost region of the Nile River, which is roughly shaped like a triangle.
Area of land bordered on the northeast by the Persian Gulf, on the southeast by the Indian Ocean, and on the west by the Red Sea.
Desert that lies west of the Euphrates River and north of the Arabian Peninsula.