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special education oae test
Terms in this set (77)
Which of the following disabilities is degenerative an often leads to death in adolesence or early childhood?
Compared with children without hearing loss, children born with hearing loss are more likely to experience significant delays in which of the following developmental domains?
Which of the following fine-motor skills do children typically develop last?
Cutting shapes with scissors
Compared with students with mild intellectual disabilities, students with learning disabilities are more likely to have:
one or more specific cognitive difficulties rather than global delays
Students with mild intellectual disabilities tend to exhibit which of the following cognitive characteristics?
Difficulty applying newly learned skills to a different context
Which of the following gross motor skills do children typically develop last?
Jumping forward, taking off, and landing with two feet
Which of the following students is demonstrating characteristics most often associated with an emotional impairment?
A second-grade student who frequently complains of a stomachache in the morning before going to school
Which of the following is demonstrating characteristics most often associated with ASD?
kindergarten student who does not engage in pretend play, talks exclusively about astronomy, and misinterprets social cues
Which of the following is generally the most advanced linguistic skill a typical eight-year old can be expected to demonstrate?
telling a story that includes cause-and-effect relationships
Which of the following social/emotional abilities typically appears for the first time during adolescence?
understanding that the perspective of others may be influenced by their background or circumstances
Which of the following students is demonstrating characteristics most often associated with a pragmatic language disorder?
a fourth-grade student who has difficulty understanding conversational turn taking
Which of the following symptoms is most characteristic of an absence seizure?
a staring blankly for a brief time
A student has a disability that impairs both his understanding of spatial relationships and his perceptual-motor skills. Which of the following math tasks would likely pose the greatest difficulty to this student?
Constructing congruent geometric shapes on graph paper
A middle school student with learning disabilities in reading and writing and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder recently began taking a prescribed stimulant medication. which of the following behavioral changes should the student's special education teacher expect to observe?
increased ability to focus on academic tasks
A student with mild intellectual disability and an emotional impairment frequently becomes physically aggressive when frustrated. the most effective way for the student's family to support her social/emotional development would be to:
implement a behavior management strategy at home that complements her school behavioral plan
A student with short-term memory deficits would likely have the most difficulty with which of the following tasks?
Following multistep oral directions
A special educator is meeting with the parents and siblings of a student who will began receiving special education services because of a TBI, orthopedic impairment,and specific learning and development, it would be most appropriate for the special educator to encourage the family to:
communicate openly among themselves about the student's strengths and needs
A sixth grade student with a learning disability in reading has difficult understanding the meaning of words. The students is likely to experience the most difficulty with which of the following activities?
summarizing a passage from a chapter book
A special educator should be aware that anticonvulsant medications used to control seizure disorders most often have which of the following side effects?
A student who has spina bifida and wears orthoses must be monitored closely for which of the following?
Parents who consistently provide encouragement and feedback to their developing child are most likely to have an influence on the child's ability to:
engage enthusiastically in learning tasks
A special education teacher in a resource room has several students with specific learning disabilities in math who are frequently overheard complaint, "why should we try to learn this stuff we will never use it?" The special education teacher descides to develop a community-based activity with a local store owner in which students practice buying and selling merchandise. WHich of the following best describes this type of activity play in student development?
facilitating learning through an authentic experience
A kindergartner with type 1 diabetes will be attending a general education class. The student's teachers should be aware that which of the following are common indicators of hyperglycemia?
increased thirst and frequent urination
As part of a three year reevaluation, an IEP team would like to determine a student's progress in reading, writing, and math. Which of the following would be the most appropriate assessment tool for this purpose?
an individually administered standardized achievement test
A special education teacher would like to recommend instructional strategies to use with a fifth-grade student who has a learning disability in math. Which of the following assessments would be most appropriate for this purpose?
a curriculum based assessment
A special education teacher is preparing to conduct an initial evaluation of an English language learner. To minimize bias most effectively, the teacher should administer:
assorted formal and informal tests in the students primary language
A special education teacher is preparing to conduct an evaluation of kindergarten student who has fragile X syndrome. An adaptive behavior assessment would provide the teacher with info about:
student's self-help and social skills
A special education teacher would like to identify where a student needs instructional help in learning to solve math word problems. The most effective strategy for the teacher to use would be to:
conduct a math task analysis
A special education teacher will be participating in a functional behavioral assessment of a student who has recently become physically disruptive in class. Which of the following is the first step in conducting and FBA?
describe the students behavior in concise, observation-based terms
A portfolio assessment primarily provides and IEP team with documentation of:
student's strengths and evidence of progress that has occurred over time
An IEP team is preparing to conduct a three year reevaluation of high school student with learning disables and ADHD. Which of the following strategies would likely be the most effective when administering a standardized achievement test to this student?
repeating oral directions as needed and providing frequent break during testing sessions
Which of the following describes a limitation of using a standardized test with a student who has a learning disability?
it is difficult to use the test results to develop effective instructional strategies
A special education teacher is administering an initial individual achievement test to a second-grade student. Which of the following best explains why the teacher should discontinue a subtest after the student makes four consecutive errors?
a ceiling level has been reached
A special education teacher is preparing to assess the academic abilities and skills of an eighth-grade student who has spastic CP and LD. Which of the following would likely be the most appropriate testing accommodation for this student?
incorporating the students current assistive technologies for oral and written communication
A special education teacher in an elementary school has been asked to assess a kindergarten student as part of the eligibility process for special education services. At the beginning of the first testing session, the teacher engages the student in conversation while they explore various objects in the room. The teacher's behavior best illustrates?
A special education teacher who coteaches in general education class would have which of the following responsibilities?
ensuring that students in the class who have IEP's make adequate progress towards their individual goals
A student with developmental delays and visual impairment is entering kindergarten. The students IEP must include a statement saying that the student will be provided with:
assistive technology as needed in order to participate in the general education curriculum
The primary role of a special education teacher in developing a behavioral intervention plan for a student with learning disables is to:
define individual expectations for the student in various school environments
A student with muscular dystrophy and SLD will be receiving special education services. Which of the following placements should be considered first when selecting the least restrictive environment for this student?
a general education classroom with push-in services
Which of the following items must be specified in the IEP for a student who is 16 years old?
Which of the following types of support would be the most appropriate for an IEP team to implement in order to integrate a first grader with a mild intellectual disability into a general education classroom?
a modified academic curriculum
A fourth-grade student with disabilities will soon be participating in statewide achievement testing. Which of the following must be true in order for the student to receive testing accommodations?
students IEP must document the students need for consistent accommodation
Which IDEP team member is responsible for assessing a student's gross-motor skills?
Which of the following procedures should a pre referral team follow before making a formal referral to evaluate a student's eligibility for special education services?
documenting the effects of intervention strategies
A special education teacher will be working in self-contained classroom with elementary students. Which of the following strategies would be most effective for the teacher to use in creating classroom rules?
working with students to create a list of five to seven positively stated classroom rules and using modeling to teach students the behavior reflected by these rules
A second-grade student with spastic cerebral palsy and moderate intellectual disability will begin attending a general education class for two hours a week. Which of the following approaches would be the most effective for a special education teacher to use in facilitating the students integration into this new setting?
working with the general education teacher to modify activities so that the student can participate to the best of his ability
A speical education teacher would like to create a classroom climate that fosters students' respect for diversity. Which of the following strategies would likely be the effective for this purpose?
ensuring that instructional material reflect the diversity of students
An elementary school special education teacher routinely assigns jobs to students in his self-contained class. This practice would be especially effective for helping the students:
develop a sense of responsibility as members of the classroom community
A new special education teacher will soon begin working with a class of high school students who has emotional impairments. Several of the students have a significant history of physical aggression. Which of the following steps would be most important for the teacher to take in preparing for the upcoming school year?
collaborate with other team members to est. a crisis intervention plan
A 4th grade teacher asks the special education teacher to recommend a strategy for helping a student with an emotional impairment make transitions between academic tasks. The most appropriate initial response from the special educator would be to:
identify in measurable terms the specific behavior expected of the student
Which of the following strategies would be most effective for a special educator to use in creating a motivating learning environment for students with down syndrome?
planning activities in which the students own efforts bring them success
A speical education teacher is most likely to have a positive effect on the education of students with disables for recognizing that:
students have unique strengths and needs that form the basis for individualized instruction
When selecting software to supplement math instruction for students with learning disables in math, a special educator should look for software that:
allows the modification of features such as instructional level and presentation speed
A student with a mild intellectual disability can recite the abcs and recognize all the letters individually. The student also recognizes several sight words. However, the student does not yet understand the abc principle. Which of the following activities would best promote the students development in this area/
helping the student choose pictures of fav people or objects to create an abc book
Teaching students with learning disables how to use concept mapping in content-area assignments would be most useful for developing which of the following academic skills?
structuring informatino logically
A student with a reading disability has trouble retaining info from content-area texts. He tells his special education teacher that even though he understands the content when he is reading, he often has difficult recalling or explaining it afterward. The special education teacher could best help the student by:
teaching him to use comprehension strategies such as activating prior knowledge, self-questioning, and concept mapping
A special education teacher in a middle school resource room works with a student who has a mild-to-moderate intellectual disability. The teacher wants to help the student maintain and generalize functional academic skills across the school environment. Which of the following steps would be most important for the teacher to include when creating a plan to supper this goal?
create a matrix that shows how the targeted skills can be integrated into the students various classes and activies
A special education teacher in a middle school resource room is working with a student who is having difficulty retaining new vocab words in various subjects. What strategy would likely be most effective for teacher to use in this situation?
showing the student how to use a graphic organizer to link each new vocal work with known words
Which of the following strategies would be most effective for promoting the use of good manners in a kindergarten class that includes several students with disabilities?
modeling the use of good manners consistently and expecting students to do the same when they interact with each other
A third grade student with learning disability often becomes very anxious during computer lab. The student repeatedly asks the teacher and classmates for help or approval before she will move on to the next step. Which of the following teacher strategies would best promote the students self-confidence in this setting?
reducing the amount of support given to the student gradually and choosing computer programs for her to use that provide instant feedback
A special educator has been working with a 5th grade student on reducing the students anger toward peers. The student knows that he starts to become angry in a situation, he should silently count to ten and implement a learned strategy. After the student has encountered such a situation, it would be most beneficial for his teacher to follow up by:
having the student evaluate how successful he was in using the strategy
A kindergartner with multiple disabilities speaks a few words but primarily uses gestures and sign language to communicate. Her special education teacher wishes to prompt the student's ability to communicate more effectively with peers in the kindergarten classroom. Which of the following teacher strategies would best address this goal?
teaching the whole class basic signs by consistently integrating signs lesson and activities
Which of the following questions would be most important for the special education teacher to consider when communicating with this student >
Are my statements and questions specific and direct to facilitate student's understanding?
A special education teacher will be teaching a middle school student with DS how to make a sandwich. Which of the following would be the most effective first step for the teacher to take in addressing this goal?
Break down the task of making a sandwich into a series of smaller tasks
A high school special education teacher would like to increase her students' participation in civic activities. which of the following strategies is likely to be most effective for this purpose?
arranging for students to attend meetings and events of civic organizations that are of interest to them
To be identified as having an intellectual disability, a child must exhibit significantly below-average cognitive functioning during development as well as:
deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors
What has been recent trend regarding the education of children with ASD?
early identification and intervention
An English language learner with an orthopedic impairment does not qualify for special education services but requires physical accommodations to participate in school activities. Which of the following federal laws requires than an accommodation plan be developed for the student?
section 504 of the vocational rehabilitation act
Students with which of the following types of disabilities or impairments tend to receive services in more restrictive environments?
which of the following factors has historically contributed most to the overrepresentation of students from some culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds in programs for students with disabilities?
potential for bias in the assessment process
RTI is a current trend in the identification of which of the following types of disabilities?
Which of the following describes the greatest effect that word-predition and voice-activated software have had on the education of students with physical and/or sensory disabilities?
Helping students become more independent as learners
Which of the following is the primary benefit of involving high school students with disabilities in the planning of their own academic programs?
Students will be able to practice self-determination by advocating for their learning needs and goals.
A special education teacher needs to learn more about universal precautions to use in the classroom to avoid blood-borne infections. What organization would be the most appropriate resource for this type of information?
Occupational safety and health administration (OSHA)
what strategy would likely be the most effective for helping a special educator evaluate his or her own long-term professional growth?
maintaining a teaching portfolio ex: samples of student work, administrative observations, self-reflection)
A middle school special education teacher is in a self-contained classroom is assigned a paraprofessional. The most effective way for the teacher to collaborate with the paraprofessional in meeting the students learning needs is to:
review together each student's IEP and discuss the paraprofessional's role in the implementation of each IEP
A high school math teacher will be teaching a class that includes several students with learning disabilities in math. IN preparation the special educator has collaborated with math teacher in developing instructional activities for an upcoming math unit. Which of the following steps should the special educator take next in collaborating with the math teacher?
explain which parts of the unit activities will pose the most difficulty for each student
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Quiz 3 stats
special education oae test
Quiz 2 Stats for IS
Standard 7: Teachers assume... as individuals and as members of the learning community
Started by Lyndon B. Johnson, this legislation was the nation's attempt on equalizing education for students living in poverty.
When speech partners activate a student's communication device in naturally occurring communication interactions at home, school, and in the community and encourage the student to use the device, they are using:
the ability to read quickly, effortlessly, accurately and expressively.