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45 terms

Med Term 5

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Aneurysm
abnormal widening or ballooning of a portion of an artery due to weakness in the wall
Angina Pectoris
chest pain or discomfort that usually occurs with activity or stress
angioplasty
procedure to restore blood flow through the artery
anticoagulant
substance that prevents coagulation of blood
arteriosclerosis
hardening of the arteries plaque buildup
auscultation
listening to the internal sounds
bradycardia
slow heart rate
cardiomegaly
enlarged heart
coagulation time
time required by shed blood to clot
congestive heart failure
heart cannot pump enough blood to ther rest of the body
bone marrow biopsy
removal of soft tissue from inside the bone
defibrillation
treatment for life threatening cardiac dyssrythmias
diastole
relaxation
dyscaria
blood disorder where 1 part of blood is not present in normal supply (bad mixture)
dysrhythmia
irregular heartbeat
echocardiogram
test that uses sound waves to create a moving picture of the heart
electrocardiogram
test to monitor heart
embolus
detached, traveling intravascular mass
erythrocyte
most common blood cell
fibrillation
rapid irregular unsynchronized contraction of muscle fibers
hematopoesis
immature cells develop into mature cells
hemochromatosis
iron overload
hemolysis
break down of red blood cells
hemophilia
blood doesn't clot normally
hemorroid
painful swollen veins in rectum
hematologist
physician who studies blood
hematoma
collection of blood on surface
intermittent claudication
blood vessels in the legs causes pain in the msucles
ischemia
decrase in blood supply
leukemia
blood cancer in bone marrow
leukocyte
white blood cell
lumen
inside space of a tubular stucture
myocardial infraction
heart attack
occlude
stop close up
pericarditis
pericardium becomes inflammed
sickle cell anemia
blood cells shaped in crescent shape
spleenectomy
surgical removal of the spleen
systole
contraction
tachycardia
heart rate that exceeds normal range
tachypnea
rapid breathing
thrombosis
formation of a blood clot
varicose veins
swollen twisted and painful veins filled with an abnormal collection f blood
vasoconstrictor
drug causes narrowing of blood vessels
vasodilator
widens blood vessels
venipuncture
puncture of a vein