-Model New England factory communities that during the first half of the nineteenth century provided employees, mostly young women, with meals, a boarding house, and moral discipline, as well as educational and cultural opportunities
-Lowell girls: young female factory workers at the textile mills in Lowell, Massachusetts, which in the early 1820s provided its employees with prepared meals, dormitories, moral discipline, and educational opportunities
-Democratic "Jeffersonian" Republican
-Marbury v Madison, 1803
-Louisiana Purchase, 1803
-Barbary Wars, 1801-1804
-Plantation owner, author, the drafter of the Declaration of Independence, ambassador to France, leader of the Republican party, secretary of state, and the third president of the United States.