35 terms

Nasm

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Terms in this set (...)

Elevation
lift upward
Depression
Press down
Retraction
Pull back
Protraction
Push forward
Horizontal extension
Movement of the limbs away from the midline of the body parallel to the ground.
Horizontal flexion
Movement of the limbs towards the midline of the body parallel to the ground.
Dorsiflexion
Toes to nose
plantar flexion
bends the foot downward at the ankle
Lateral flexion
Side bending left or right
Prone
Lying face down
supine
lying face up
Pronation
Palm down
Supination
Palm up
Inversion of foot
Foot rolls in
Circumduction
Circular movement - shoulder and hip
Axis in Sagittarius plane
Transverse or frontal axis
Axis in Frontal plane
Sagittarius axis
Axis in transverse plane
Longitudinal axis
Davis Law
Soft tissue models along lines of stress. Soft tissue rebuilds randomly - not in same direction as muscle fibers- becomes roadblock preventing muscles from moving properly
Every muscle that makes a movement must cross a ....
Joint
In shoulder what are agonist/antagonist
Delta and lats
In hips agonist and antagonist are?
Gluten and hip flexors
Agonist and antagonist of the knee are?
Hams and quads
Agonist and antagonist of ankle are?
Gastroc/soleus and tibialis anterior
Agonist and antagonist of spine
Erector spinal and recurs abdominus
Reciprocal inhibition
When agonist contracts, antagonist relaxes (lengthens)
Proximal
Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
Medial
Toward the midline of the body
sliding filament theory
the concept that a sarcomere shortens as the thick and thin filaments slide past one another
Tendons
Attach muscle to bone , move the bone or structure
Ligament
Attaches bone to bone, holds structure together, keeps stable, often reinforce joints
Cartilage
strong connective tissue that supports the body and is softer and more flexible than bone, soft gel like padding between bones to protect joints and facilitate movement
Muscle spindles
Protect muscle from over stretching, senses muscle length
Golgi tendon organ
Senses change in muscle tension, located in tendons that attach muscle to bone
Eversion of foot
Foot rolls out