English 1010 Midterm

G.K. Chesterton
"The Fallacy of Success" English critic, author of more than 100 books.
Success doesn't exist, the concept of success is both empty and meaningless. There is only two ways of succeeding: doing very good work or by cheating. We live in a time of science where things have to be proven. Hard common sense. No one can determine success. Different for everyone.
Michel de Montaigne
"Of Smells" Father of the modern essay.
A woman smells good when she does not smell. To smell good is to stink. If you put on perfume you're covering up your stink. Items trap the perfume smells. Odors change your spirits according to their properties.
Francis Bacon
"Of Studies" Wanted to make a point that respect for the differences people bring into writing is important. Bacon appreciated knowledge and use of studies. Reading make a full man, conference a ready man, and writing an exact man. Histories make men wise, poets witty, mathematics subtle, natural philosophy deep, moral grave, logic and rhetoric able to contend.
"The Allegory of the Cave" Plato gave the idea that truth would be nothing but shadowy images. People were scared to go out of their comfort zone to gain knowledge.
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
"The Communist Manifesto" There have always been social ranks in society. The bourgeoisie reduced the family relation to a money relation. Bourgeoisie can't exist without constant production revolutions.
Niccolo Machiavelli
"The Morals of the Prince" Niccolo wanted his reader to go after the truth rather than repeat what people have imagined. Greed brings shame and hate. Being feared is safer.
Michael Levin
"The Case for Torture" Millions of lives outweigh the life of one terrorist. Torture should be a balance between innocent lives and how to save them. Torture saves lives.
Richard Feynman
"The Value of Science" A scientist looking at nonscientific problems is just as dumb as the next guy. Scientific knowledge is allowing power to do either good or bad.
Sigmund Freud
"Interpretation of Dreams" Founder of modern psychiatry. Developed the psychoanalytic method: the examination of the mind using dream analysis. Freud studied dreams and interpreted them. He interpreted dreams as personal psychological events. They are not meaningless or absurd. A dream represents a fulfilled wish.
Jaime M. O'Neill
"No Allusions In The Classroom" A geographical locality or a historical episode inevitability produced telltale expressions of bewilderment.
Thomas Paine
"The Crisis" These are the times that try men's souls. Summer soldier and the sunshine patriot. Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph.