Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (42)
Alternative to international trade that emphasizes small businesses and worker owned and democratically run cooperatives and requires employers to pay workers fair wages, permit union organizing, and comply with minimum environmental and safety standards.
Method of maintaining, managing, and gaining control of government (who gets what, when, and how)
Social institution that is responsible for implementing and achieving societies goals.
Social policies and allocation of valued resources.
Social institution through which goods are produced, processed, distributed, and consumed.
affects social behavior
is influenced by other aspects of society.
Political & Economic System
inextricably interwind and together they regulate power and authority within society.
Ability to exercise ones will over others.
Whoever can overcome the resistance of others and control their behavior is exercising power.
3 Sources of power in Political System
actual or threatened use of coercion
to impose ones will over others.
Leaders imprison or execute political dissidents.
Terrorists who seize or bomb an embassy, highjack a plane, assassinate a political leader.
Censorship of online content
Shutting down a newspaper
Ability to change behavior in others without exerting direct power over them.
Exercise power through persuasion.
a stirring speech at a political rally
Power that has been institutionalized and is recognized by the people over whom it is exercised.
Authority is limited.
Rational-legal authority are considered to have specific areas of competence.
Developed a classification system for authority.
2-Rational Legal Authority
Legitimate power conferred by custom and accepted practice
A king and Queen
is absolute when the ruler determines the laws and policies.
Rational Legal Authority
power made legitimate by law
leaders derive their authority form written rules and political regulations.
Power made legitimate by a leader's exceptional personal or emotional appeal to his or her followers.
Lets a person lead or inspire without relying on a set of rules or regulations.
Derived by the beliefs of its followers rather than by its from the actual qualities of the leaders.
Charismatic Authority points out that the growth of the electronic media has facilitated the growth of charismatic Authority.
Carl Couch 1996
5- Types of Government in modern societies
government headed by a single member of a royal family in which power has been inherited.
A government ruled by a king or queen.
Monarchs have little practical power and serve primarily ceremonial purposes.
A few individuals rule, usually in the form of military rule.
FORM OF GOVERNMENT IN WHICH POWER BELONGS TO ONLY A FEW LEADERS
Republic of China
One person has near-total power to make and enforce laws, ruling through the use of coercion.
A government made up of a coalition of interest groups.
complete government control and surveillance over all aspects of a societies social and political life.
A political system in which the government has total control over the lives of individual citizens
a government by the people usually maintained through an elected representative body.
A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives
a conflict between organizations that possess trained combat forces equipped with deadly weapons.
A condition marked by low levels of hostility and aggression and by mutually beneficial relationships.
Acts of violence designed to promote a specific ideology or agenda by creating panic among an enemy population.
Is the use or threatened use of violence to gain a political objective.
Calculated use of violence or threat (or threat of violence) against civilians in order to obtain goals in our political or religious or ideological nature.
An economic system characterized by the private ownership of wealth-creating assets, free markets, and freedom of contract.
Production is held largely by private hands and the main incentive for economic activity for accumulating profit.
Free enterprise that encourages competition.
Private ownership of the means of production.
Laissez-Faire prevailed following the industrial revelution with free competition and minimal government intervention.
A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.
Government ownership of auto manufacturing.
Production and distribution collectively owned
Economic decisions made by the government.
Government ownership of agriculture.
it aims to meet the peoples needs rather than to maximize profits.
Concentration of ownership by giant corporations has lead to deindustrialization in the US and a changing workforce.
Decline of primary and secondary industry, accompanied by a rise of the service sectors of the industrial economy./The cumulative and sustained decline in the contribution of manufacturing to a national economy.
Widespread withdrawal of investments in manufacturing plants and factories.
Seeks to reduce costs and maximize profits.
government and military leaders were essentially servants of the capitalist class and followed their wishes.
Stresses the interaction of internal politics, socioeconomic, and cultural forces.
studies how and why two or more nations become engaged in military conflict.
focuses on the social impact of war on the individuals and the groups to which they belong to
Complete control of a product or business by one person or group.
A policy that gives special consideration to woman and members of minority groups to make up for past discrimination. Mainly used to increase opportunities in education. (p. 422)
-a form of gov't in which citizens allow others--usually elected officials--to represent them in gov't affairs
Domhoffs model & Mills Pyramid
Sociologists discuss the power structures in the US
the three interest groups overlap but do not necessarily agree on specific policies.
the top corporate rich are on the top and the exploited masses are on the bottom.
The segment of the economy not taxed or otherwise regulated by the government.
Do not pay taxes
Do not provide benefits such as sick leave.
do not provide the type of work experience employees want.
Jobs are often unsafe or dangerous.
the American political system.
many competing groups within the community have access to government so that no single group is dominant.
Suppose you've gained access to your client's hybrid network. On which port should you listen to in order to know which Microsoft Windows workstations has its file sharing enabled?
Studies on ethics and computer use reveal that individuals of different nationalities sometimes have different perspectives, difficulties arise when one's nationality's ethical behavior conflicts with the ethics of another nationality's group. (T or F)
An attack that typically utilizes e-mail to try to convince someone to reveal sensitive information
which is not a fund-raising method
Sets found in the same folder
Sets with similar terms
Sociology: A Brief Introduction, Chapter 14
Chp 14 Government & the economy
Sociology Ch 16 Government & the Economy
Chapter 16. Government and the Economy
Other sets by this creator
Combo with "Ch.15 European Exploration & Conquest"…
Combo with "Physical Geography Ch. 17" and 1 other
Ch 6: Atmospheric and Oceanic Circulatio…
Other Quizlet sets
Woody Plants Quiz 2
GI Pharmacology (30 May)
Module Exam: CPT/HCPCS Coding - Block 2
Using the concept of victim discounting, explain why lower-class criminals are usually punished more severely than white-collar criminals for the same crime.
Complete the sentence using each term once. a. monogamy b. polyandry c. polygyny d. exogamy e. endogamy f. homogamy g. patrilineal h. blended family i. dual-employed marriage j. boomerang kids. The marriage of one man to two or more women at the same is called ________
A recent documentary examined a suburb in the Midwest where the racial balance had gradually changed from mostly African American. Even though statistics proved that school scores has not dropped and government services remained the same, the perception was that property values had declined. What do you think was responsible for this perception?
You have been hired to develop a new marketing campaign for a business in your community. Your employer has asked you to determine based on the demographics of your community how to reach and influence the maximum number of community members. If you are successful, the business will draw in more customers and grater profits. For this task, you may select the type of business. Then you will develop an overview for a marketing campaign, which may consist of online, print, and other methods of reaching potential customers. In your overview, identify the methods you have chosen to use, and explain why these methods will be beneficial based on the demographics of our community and the customers your employer wishes to reach.