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Terms in this set (66)
April 23 1564
April 23 1616
april 26 1564- how we know his birthday ( 3 days after birth)
• Glove maker, baliff (mayor) of Stratford- Upon- Avon
Anne Hathaway, married Nov 28th 1582
Susanna and twins Judith and Hamnet (died at age 11)
a coat of arms
In 1596, his family was granted this (gentle status), which was only achieved by 2% of the English population at the time
(published in 1623) was probably the most important trace of his whole life.
• 36 plays, all but Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen
- memorial reconstruction by the actors
"foul" papers, handwritten drafts (reprinted once in 1604)
scribal transcript from a promptbook prepared while Shakespeare was still a part of the company. Such a promptbook would normally have been made by annotating a "fair" copy of the "foul" papers. probably closest to the actual performance.
1567- first permanent London playhouse.
1576- built by James Burbage
son of James, star actor of the company for which Shakespeare worked.
the lord chamberlain's men
group in which Shakespeare was a shareholder (acted and wrote)
• Performed in The Curtain while The Globe was being built
The King's Men
name of Shakespeare's company after Elisabeth died in 1603 when King James took the throne
master of revels
name of person who licensed plays for performance
• Actors would only receive the script for their character's part
(1533- 1603) - daughter of Henry the 8th and Anne Boleyn, took reign in 1558. Played huge part in the reformation
color, culture, religion, speech (not all biological). A Moore indicated not just blackness but being from another country
females were thought to have been born males with inverted genitalia.
essence, makeup of a person- black vs. white, visible characteristics.
Social class, language, where stereotypes come in like women are weaker than men
memorize and develop craft of oral performance transcribing Latin into the vernacular (english)
Rhetorical schools: same thing
- used phrases, words used in life, clichés, adages, help understand/ make comments about life
sign of intelligence (puns are cool today again)
hierarchy, no upward mobility, rigid class system, nobles, peasants
middle class, working class, upward mobility. Merchant of Venice best illustrated this system. Setting up colonies abroad, trading/ selling for profit, borrowing money from people with interest (jewish people)
borrowing money with interest. Against Christian law but ok for Jews
Slowly turning into a capitalist society
the living person
- a text is produced in audience engagement, used and re-used
a text crosses media
way Shakespeare's works have altered as act of interpretation (revise, recycle)
laws, business, holidays, religion, music
model economic base for every piece of culture that exist in our society art law etc.
protestantism in the context of calvinism
change actually inspired feudalism→ capitalism because Calvinism says work hard and you may get rewarded by moving stations- "God's doing", but we're producing economically for society
set of political/ religious/ etc. beliefs held by a certain group of people
dominant ideology controls others. Dominant class holds power over working class. Catholicism would have been hegemonic had protestantism not taken over. Capitalism is hegemonic today. Controls other classes or groups and keeps system in place. Men get paid more
• Main difference between the two- try to find the one ideology that fashions the self- little autonomy
• Historically set so that state power dictates everything else
• Autonomy in Greenblatt's definition- the power to impose shape upon oneself, part of shaping identity in terms of language, beliefs, personality, behavior
• Gives more autonomy to the individual
• Intellect changes and becomes concrete- psychological changes- social relations- everything is historically concretely developed. Aestheticism- the form changes as theatres become more prominent. Sonnets emerging
• Thomas wyatt- sonnets
• Underdtand the behavior of a paryicular author- know his bio through his plays. The folio is probably the best way to know about his life
people make history or change themselves, but how does it happen? What does dollimore say about why the renaissance is such a great place to start for cultural materialism to be implemented? Today it would be the media, he would say the theatres- they acted like media, became instructional
• Can do one of two things
• Challenge or reinfore existing hegemonic ideology
remaining the same
different than ideology
how subversion keeps its own order
• Can be bought and sold- quantity
• Use value- quality
• Must have both
• Air has use value but there is no labor involved
• What someone will pay for it
• Marx says this is not the same as use value- if we have 8 workers working 8 hour shifts, and caleb is the boss who owns all the resources, the rest of us are workers, desk making business- you are selling yourself (your labor), caleb is buying it. Use value idea. Caleb must make a profit, must charge more than he buys. If he charges the same, exchange and use value would be equal
alienation of labor
you don't own the resources because someone else just bought something that my labor is going into which is worth more than your labor.
Like slavery- the capitalist is the free one.
barry bonds homerun ball/ baseball- 73rd homerun
Use value- we throw it and hit it, maybe at someone. They go through like 50 a game, they don't cost that much- the homerun ball was bought back for 5 million dollars.
what people are willing to pay
ethical values or rights that exist as an intrinsic or essential characteristic of a particular thing or class of things simply by the fact of their existence
power to reproduce own exchange value
Can reproduce themselves based on signs- Abercrombie, for example, fools us into paying more for the same object. We are attracted to signs, beauty and glamour today
Monster in a cool can
Also dependent on supply and demand
the emotional attachment to an item; others don't consider it valued but you do because we are emotionally attached; an example would be a family heirloom
in the power of money it says our gratification and sensuous feelings come in relation to objects
Have the power to make us feel- more controlled by the object than us, it becomes the subject, we become the object
In a capitalist society, it is commodified- use value of a one dollar bill is the same as that of a 1,000 bill
A pound used to actually weigh a pound- essence was equal to exchange value
Now, worth is just based on sign
Written between 1605-1608
Was included in first folio
Never produced during shakespeares life- some people think it was unfinished because only one person dies and you never see it on stage
If timon reflects king james, KJ got very paranoid and king lear was the last play that showed a king dying on stage
temptation vs. action
BIG THEME STUDY THIS IN MEASURE FOR MEASURE
Calvinism- god has a plan for you since before you were born, you are part of the elect or the retrobe
O you beast!
O faithless coward! O dishonest wretch!
Wilt thou be made a man out of my vice?
Is't not a kind of incest, to take life
From thine own sister's shame? What should I think?
Heaven shield my mother play'd my father fair!
For such a warped slip of wilderness
Ne'er issued from his blood. Take my defiance!
Die, perish! Might but my bending down
Reprieve thee from thy fate, it should proceed:
I'll pray a thousand prayers for thy death,
No word to save thee.
Does she have agency? Has she been psychologically manipulated by these new rules? Is she just angry because her brother is essentially conspiring to have her raped?
playing to the audience
people standing around the stage, cost 1 penny
breaking the fourth wall
Timon 1.2 line 62
immortal gods, I pray no wealth, no immortal property, may I never harlot for her weeping dog
Is the relationship between timon and apamantus legitimate? Is he loyal, is he a friend?
themes in timon
timon 4.3 lines 233-34
I love thee better now... proves they are real friends, empathizes with his wretched state and feels bad about it.
Focuses heavily on material wealth and affection link. How does his relationship w/ servants and other people show this?
All the people who don't feel like they owe Timon anything help him later while everything he gave away didn't do anything.
Wealth does not affect affection or loyalty except in Timon's eyes-
The servants criticize the other Athenians who do not help timon
They say the word love/ that he's noble/ I owe you relentlessly but when it gets down to it, they are not there for him when he needs them
Apamantus NEVER has kind things to say but he has the actual bond rather than the material
Material bond: false love
KNOW THIS ACT WELL
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