South Asia Vocabulary_2018
Terms in this set (60)
Land that is rich farmland, composed of clay, silt, sand, or gravel deposited by running water.
An important trade route between the Indian subcontinent and the states of the Persian Gulf and Mediterranean Sea; part of the Indian Ocean whose main arms include the Gulf of Oman to the northwest and the Gulf of Aden to the west.
A set of closely grouped islands.
A people speaking an Indo-European language who invaded northern India in the 2nd millennium BC, displacing the Dravidian and other aboriginal peoples. Today represents one of the two largest ethnicities in northern India.
A ring-like coral island or string of small islands surrounding a lagoon.
Bay of Bengal
The largest bay in the world, forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean. Roughly triangular, it is bordered mostly by India and Sri Lanka to the west, Bangladesh to the north, and Myanmar (Burma) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands to the east.
A religion that originated in India about 500 BC and spread to China, where it grew into a major religion by 400 AD
The Aryan system of social classes in India and one of the cornerstones of Hinduism in which each person is born into a caste and only move into a different caste through reincarnation.
Agriculture done for profit and on a larger scale; as opposed to subsistance agriculture.
A violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain; the most extreme weather pattern of South Asia.
A plateau of south-central India between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats.
Ancient dark-skinned people of southern India
A mountain range in S India, parallel to the Bay of Bengal: united with the Western Ghats by the Nilgiri Hills; forms the E margin of the Deccan plateau.
A person who starts and builds businesses
A river in South Asia; an important water resource flowing more than 1,500 miles from its source in a Himalayan glacier to the Bay of Bengal; believed to be sacred by Hindus.
The 1947 partition of British India on the basis of religious demographics, which led to the creation of the sovereign states of the Dominion of Pakistan (that later split into the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the People's Republic of Bangladesh) and the Union of India (later Republic of India).
The renovation of agricultural practices that began to be spread worldwide in the 1960s that included the use of pesticides, fertilizers, and genetically modified seeds.
A mountain range in South Asia that includes Mount Everest, the world's tallest mountain peak; the result of the collision between the Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate which began 50 million years ago and continues today.
An official language of India, and the most widely spoken language of northern India; the fourth-most natively spoken language in the world, after Mandarin, Spanish and English.
The dominant religion in India.
A river in South Asia, rising in southwest Tibet in the Kailas Range of the Himalayas and flowing northwest through Kashmir, then southwest across Pakistan to the Arabian Sea.
Indus River Civilization
The largest of the world's first civilizations in what is now Pakistan; this was a highly developed urban civilization, lasting from 2500 BC to about 1500 BC
The force created by a person's actions that is believed in Hinduism and Buddhism to determine what that person's next life will be like.
A region of northern India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought. Disputes over religion and water rights fuel this conflict
A republic in the Indian Ocean, southwest of India, consisting of about 2000 islands.
A small loan available to poor entrepreneurs, to help small businesses grow and raise living standards.
A seasonal prevailing wind in the region of South and Southeast Asia, blowing from the southwest between May and September and bringing rain (the wet monsoon ), or from the northeast between October and April (the dry monsoon ).
Muslim dynasty that ruled most of northern Indian from the early 16th to the mid 18th century.
The belief that people should be loyal to their nation, the people with who they share land, culture, and history.
The practice of achieving goals such as social change through symbolic protests, symbolic protests, or economic/political noncooperation. The modern form of the practice was popularized and proven to be effective by Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi.
To obtain goods or a service from an outside or foreign supplier, especially in place of an internal source; usually done to save money on labor costs.
The condition of having a population so dense as to cause environmental deterioration, an impaired quality of life, or a population crash; the biggest threat to quality of life in South Asia
A region of northwest Indian and Pakistan; birthplace of Sikhism and home to the 75% of the world's Sikh religion.
The belief that the soul, upon death of the body, comes back to earth in another body or form.
A person of Tibetan ancestry in Nepal, who serves as the traditional grasslands in the world and many grazing animals.
A monotheistic religion founded in Punjab in the 15th century by Guru Nanak; a reaction to Islam and Hinduism. Among its beliefs is a rejection of rituals and equality for all.
An island country in the Indian Ocean off southeast India.
Also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large, arid region in the northwester part of the Indian subcontinent. Created due to a high pressure cell caused by the Hadley Cells.
A giant ocean wave, caused by an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption, with great destructive power.
A low mountain range in W India, along the W margin of the Deccan plateau and bordering on the Arabian Sea
Holy text of Hinduism
Holy text of Buddhism
Four Noble Truths
A fundamental part of Buddhism which states: There is suffering, suffering is caused by our selfish desires, there is a way out of suffering, and the way from suffering is the Eightfold Path
Belief of Buddhism which calls on followers to avoid extremes or excesses in their life
Guru Granth Sahib
Holy text of Sikhism
Founder of Sikhism
Led the Indian national movement through non-violent resistance
Mountain range stretching from Pakistan into Afghanistan
Sri Lanka (map)
Ganges River (map)
Indus River (map)
The founder of Buddhism, also known as the Buddha
The lowest class in the Hindu Caste System; often these people are discriminated against due to their caste
Religion that came into India around 1000 BC and is the primary religion in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and the Maldives
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