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part of the lower brain that controls such basic needs and desires as pleasure, pain, fear, rage, huger, thirst, and sex.
unit in the brain that registers and controls activity level, increases excitement, and helps generate sleep.
Gland that controls other glands and hormones, as well as producing its own hormone that regulates growth.
Glands that secrete adrenaline, which stirs up the body, changing breathing, perspiration, heart rate, and so on.
Hierarchy of Needs
a system that ranks human needs one above the other, with the most basic needs for physical survival at the bottom of the pyramid; proposed by the psychologist Abraham Maslow.
needs at the third level of Maslow's hierarchy: friendship, closeness with another.
Self- Esteem Needs
needs at the fourth level of Maslow's hierarchy: liking and respecting yourself, feeling important and useful.
Self Actualization Needs
needs at the top of Maslow's hierarchy: establishing meaningful goals and a purpose in life.
Opponent Process Theory
theory that the presence of one emotion triggers its opposite, which then emerges somewhat later.
James Lange Theory
theory of emotion proposing that first the body responds and then one feels the emotion.
Cannon Bard Theory
theory of emotion proposing that the bodily reaction and the emotional response to an event occur at the same time.
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