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Terms in this set (...)

Althea Gibson
In 1964, she became the first black women to join the Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA)
Wilma Rudolph
Stricken by polio as a young girl, she regained her strength and was the first American woman to win three gold medals (in the 100- and 200-meter dash and 400-meter relay) at the 1960 Olympics in Rome
Ernie Davis
In 1962, a running back at Syracuse University, he became the first African-American athlete to receive college football's Heisman Trophy.
Wendell Oliver Scott
In 1963, he became the first black driver to win a major NASCAR race, the Grand National (now Winston Cup) race.
Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali)
On February 25, 1964, he won the first of three world heavyweight championships in a bout with Sonny Liston in Miami, Florida
Sidney Poitier
In 1964, he won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance in the film, "Lilies of the Field." He is the first African-American male actor to win in that category.
Moneta Sleet, Jr
On May 5, 1969, he became the first African American to win a Pulitzer Prize in Photography.
Jimi Hendrix
In 1969, he headlined the Woodstock Musical Festival near Bethel, New York between August 15 and August 18. Over 500,000 people attend what is to that point the largest musical concert in history.
Aretha Franklin
In 1967, the "Queen of Soul," recorded her signature song, "Respect"
Willie Mays
The greatest centerfielder of all time belted 350 home runs during the decade, including 52 in 1965. He also led the San Francisco Giants to the '62 World Series and won an MVP award in '65.
Jim Brown
Perhaps the most dominant runner in NFL history, he played just six seasons in the '60s before retiring at 29 while still at his peak. He won five rushing titles in the decade including a then-record 1,863 yards with a 6.4 average in 1963.
Richard Pryor
This famous comedian was the first African-American person to host Saturday Night Live. He also starred in several movies such as Lady Sings the Blues, Stir Crazy and Car Wash.
Natalie Cole
this singer-songwriter, and actress was the daughter of Nat King Cole. She rose to musical success in the mid-1970s as an R&B artist with the hits "This Will Be", "Inseparable", and "Our Love.
Patricia Louise Holt-Edwards
This singer, author, actress was a member of a popular female group in the 1960's but began a successful solo career in 1976. A few of her popular songs are "You Are My Friend", "If Only You Knew" and "New Attitude". She has recently gained great recognition for her famous sweet potato pie.
Diana Ross
An American singer, songwriter, actress and record producer. Following her departure from the Supremes in 1970, she released her debut solo album, which contained the hits "Reach Out and Touch (Somebody's Hand)" and the number-one hit "Ain't No Mountain High Enough".
Jim Kelly
An American athlete, actor, and martial artist who rose to fame in the early 1970s was best known from his performance as Williams in the 1973 Bruce Lee film Enter the Dragon.
Beverly Johnson
The first African-American woman to grace the cover of a major fashion publication when she was featured on the cover of Vogue in 1974.
In 1977 for eight consecutive nights, this miniseries was aired on national television. Not only was the miniseries the first to show viewers the impact of enslavement on American society, but it also achieved the highest ratings for a television program.
Cassius Clay ( Muhammad Ali)
The first heavyweight champion to win the title three times by defeating Leon Spinks in New Orleans in 1978.
the sugarhill gang
-This hip-hop group recorded the hit single "Rapper's Delight" in 1979.
Charles Gordone
In 1970, this American playwright won the Pulitzer Prize in Drama for the play, "No Place to Be Somebody." He was the first African-American to hold such a distinction.
Leroy " Satchel" Paige
Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY. in 1971. He was the first former Negro Basketball League player to be inducted.
Professor Samuel Massie Jr.
Served as the President of North Carolina Central University from 1963-1966. He resigned on February 1, 1966. An organic chemist, he was the first African American to teach at the United States Naval Academy from 1966 to 1993.
George Edward Alcorn Jr.
In 1967, earned a Ph.D. in Atomic and Molecular Physics from Howard University. Between 1965-67, conducted research on negative ion formation under a NASA-sponsored grant. Holds eight patents in the United States and Europe on semiconductor technology.
Clarence Ellis
First African American to receive a Ph.D. in Computer Science (1969). After his Ph.D., he continued his work on supercomputers at Bell Telephone Laboratories. Ellis has worked as a researcher and developer at IBM, Xerox, Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation, Los Alamos Scientific Labs, and Argonne National Lab.
Rufus Stokes
In 1968, he was granted a patent on an air-purification device to reduce the gas and ash emissions of furnace and power plant smokestack emissions.
Roy L. Clay
helped launch Hewlett-Packard's computer division in the late 1960s and is known to some as the godfather of black Silicon Valley for helping break down barriers for African Americans in technology.
Samuel L. Kountz, M.D.
An African-American kidney transplantation surgeon from Lexa, Arkansas. He was most distinguished for his pioneering work in the field of kidney transplantations, and in research, discoveries, and inventions in Renal Science. In 1961, while working with Dr. Roy Cohn at the Stanford University Medical Center, he performed the first successful Kidney transplant between humans who were not identical twins.
Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr.
In June of 1967,selected as an astronaut in the Manned Orbital Laboratory, making him the first African-American astronaut selected for space travel. The Manned Orbital Laboratory Program was a precursor to the Shuttle Program. Just six months later, in December of 1967, was killed instantly when a student pilot crashed the jet they were piloting while learning the steep descent glide technique.
Jocelyn Elders
she obtained her M.D. degree in 1960. She was later appointed by President Clinton as the first African American to become Surgeon General of the Public Health Service on September 8, 1993.
Louis W. Sullivan
Physician and 17th Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. In 1967, he founded the Boston University Hematology Service at Boston City Hospital and later was director of the Boston Sickle Cell Center.
Marie Van Brittan Brown
She applied for a patent along with her husband Albert Brown in 1966 for a closed circuit television security system. They created a system for a motorized camera to show images on a monitor. Her devise was the forerunner to the modern home security system.
James West
African-American inventor who helped develop the electroacoustic transducer electric microphone in the 1960s; holds 47 U.S. and more than 200 foreign patents on microphones and techniques for making polymer foil-electrets.
Patricia Bath
The first African-American female doctor to patent a medical invention. In 1978, co-founded the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness, for which she served as president.
Willie Hobbs Moore
(University of Michigan) in 1972 was the first African-American Woman to earn a Ph.D. in Physics
Clarence L. Elder
The head of his own research and development firm in Baltimore, Maryland . In 1976, he was awarded a patent for a monitoring and energy conservation control system. Called an Occustat, the control system is designed to reduce energy use in temporarily vacant homes and buildings, especially useful for hotels and school rooms.
James C. Letton
made a name for himself at Procter & Gamble by earning several patents for biodegradable soap elements and enzyme stabilizers for laundry detergent in the late 1970s.
George R. Carruthers
after earning his doctorate in aeronautical engineering, he went to work for NASA where he headed the team that invented the ultraviolet camera spectrograph. The camera traveled to the moon with Apollo 16 in 1972.
Percy Julian
Invented Aero-Foam, a product that uses soy protein to put out oil and gas fires and was widely used in World War II, as well as other soybean-based inventions. He was the first black chemist elected to the National Academy of the Sciences, in 1973.
Gloria Scott
In 1975, served as the first African-American president of the Girl Scouts of America. During her last year as president of GSA in 1978, the trefoil was redesigned; the new symbol highlighted the diversity of the girl scouts with a silhouette of three girls--black, white, and brown.
Jill Elaine Brown
became the first African-American woman to serve as a pilot for a major U.S airline when she was hired by Texas international Airlines at the age of 28. Her passion for flying began as a teenager, leading her into the U.S. Navy flight training program where she became its first African-American female trainee in 1974.
Max Robinson
In 1978, he was selected to become the co-anchor of ABC News. He was the first African-American broadcast network news anchor in the history of American television. He was also one of the original founders of the National Association of Black Journalists.
WGPR-TV ( Where God's Presence Radiates)
The first television station in the United States owned and operated by African Americans. It first aired on September 29, 1975 on channel 62 in Detroit, Michigan. The station initially broadcast religious shows, R&B music shows, off-network dramas, syndicated shows and older cartoons.
Lucile Constance Gunning
In 1971, this Pediatrician began working at the Harlem Hospital Center, where she became chief of pediatric rehabilitation and created a developmental center for children with Down's Syndrome.
Whitney Young
became head of the National Urban League in 1961. Under his leadership, the League was a major factor in the process of racially integrating staff for a variety of big company jobs on a national level.
Dorothy Height
A civil rights activist who focused primarily on improving the circumstances and opportunities for African-American women. She established the YWCA's Center for Racial Injustice in 1965.
Medgar Wiley Evers
A civil rights activist who was involved in efforts to overturn segregation at the University of Mississippi died in 1963.
Angela Davis
An advocate of civil rights joined the Black Panthers in the late 1960's. She advocated for the oppressed. She was also a professor of philosophy.
Ella Baker
worked on the staff of the Southern Conference Education Fund from 1962 - 1967. This organization raised money for black activists, lobbied for implementation of President Truman's civil rights proposals, and tried to educate southern whites about the evils of racism.
Diane Nash
Freedom Rider leader and the leader of the Nashville Student Movement which took over the Freedom Ride.
Rosa Parks
known as "the mother of the freedom movement" she focused on socio-economic issues including welfare, education, job discrimination, and affordable housing while living in Detroit, Michigan.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. It is considered one of the crowning legislative achievements of the civil rights movement.
Civil Rights Act of 1968
was passed after the assassination of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. It prohibited discrimination concerning the sale, rental and financing of housing based on race, religion, national origin and sex.
massive protest organized by black leaders that occurred on august 28, 1963 in Washington D.C. It became a key moment in the growing struggle for civil rights in the United States, culminated in Martin Luther King Jr.'s " I Have a Dream" speech which was a spirited call for racial justice and equality.
Martin Luther King Jr.
was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. He was the driving force in the March on Washington and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
16th Street Baptist Church Bombing
happened in Birmingham, Alabama in September 1963. Four little black girls who were attending Sunday school when they were killed from a bombing.
Operation PUSH
In 1971, this non-profit organization was formed to pursue social justice, civil right and political activism.
Congressional Black Caucus
This political organization was established to represent the black members of Congress in 1971.
Swann vs. Charlotte-Mecklenberg Board of Education
This ruling by the Supreme Court ruled that the federal courts had the discretion to include busing as a desegregation tool to achieve racial balance in schools in 1971.
National Black Political Convention
thousands of African Americans gathered in Gary Indiana in 1972 for this event.
Shirley Chisholm
This African-American female became the national symbol for the African-American Women's Movement as the first female candidate for President of the United States in 1972.
Elected to the US House of Representatives in 1972
The following African Americans have this in common, Barbara Jordan, Yvonne Brathwaite-Burke, and Andrew Young.
The Children's Defense Fun
Established by Marion Wright Edelman in 1973.
Thomas Bradley
Elected mayor of Los Angeles in 1973, he is the first African American to hold this position, is re-elected four times and holds his position for 20 years. This is the longest tenure of any mayor in the city's history.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Act
This act was passed in 1972 which made it legal to bring someone to court if you were discriminated against in the work place
The National Black Feminist Organization
This was launched in 1973 for the purpose of addressing Black Women's unique concerns related to overall equality. It did not survive the 70's, but because of it, black feminism lives on.
Maynard H. Jackson
in 1974, he was elected the first Black Mayor of a major southern city, Atlanta.
Andrew Young
Appointed the Ambassador to the United Nations in 1977. He is the first African American to serve in this position.
Alex Haley
In 1965, he published The Autobiography of Malcolm X.
Audre Lorde
In 1968, she published her first book of poems, The First Cities.
Maya Angelou
An American author, actress, screenwriter, dancer, poet, and civil rights activist best known for her memoir, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, which made literary history as the first nonfiction best-seller by an African-American woman. Her words often depict Black beauty, the strength of women and the human spirit, and the demand for social justice.
Larry Neal
A scholar of African-American theatre. He is well known for his contributions to the Black Arts Movement of the 1960s and 1970s.
Toni Morrison
A Nobel Prize and Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist, editor and professor. In 1977, Song of Solomon was the book that set her on the course of literary success. It became the first work by an African-American author to be a featured selection in the Book of the Month club since Native Son by Richard Wright.
James Emanuel
A published poet, scholar, and critic. As a poet, published more than 300 poems and 13 individual books. Though often described as "neglected," was one of the driving forces behind opening the English college curricula to African-American literature.