How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

34 terms

Types of Landforms

Students will be creating a Landform study game using the definitions that they find in the flashcard set.
STUDY
PLAY
Ocean
a great expanse of salt water
Plateau
an elevated level expanse of land; a tableland.
Mountain
a high, steep elevation of the earth's surface, higher than a hill.
Volcano
an opening in the earth's crust through which molten lava, ash, and gases are ejected
Archipelago
a chain of islands
Island
a piece of land completely surrounded by water
Peninsula
a narrow stretch of land surrounded on three sides by water
Gulf
a large area of a sea or ocean partially enclosed by land (the Gulf of Mexico)
Sound
a long passage of water connecting two larger bodies
Isthmus
a narrow strip of land, like a bridge, connecting two larger strips of land
Delta
a place at the river's mouth, where the river splits into many different sections, forming a marshy triangle.
River mouth
the place where a river empties into a larger body of water
Harbor
a sheltered part of a body of water deep enough to provide anchorage for ships
Strait
a narrow channel of water joining two larger bodies of water (usually narrower than a sound)
Cape
a point or head of land projecting into a body of water
River
a large natural stream of water emptying into an ocean, lake, or other body of water
Tributary
a stream that flows into a larger stream or other body of water
River valley
an elongated lowland between ranges of mountains, hills, or other uplands, having a river or stream running along the bottom
Divide
a ridge of land that marks the directional flow of rivers on either side
Moraine
an accumulation of boulders, stones, or other debris carried and deposited by a glacier
Glacier
a huge mass of ice slowly flowing over a land mass
Butte
a hill that rises abruptly from the surrounding area and has sloping sides and a flat top
Mesa
a broad, flat-topped elevation with one or more cliff-like sides
Canyon
a narrow chasm with steep cliff walls, cut into the earth by running water
Lake
a large inland body of fresh water or salt water
Basin
a large, bowl-shaped depression in the surface of the land, often drained by a single river (the Amazon Basin)
Hill
a small elevation in the earth's surface
Beach
a shore of a body of water covered by sand, gravel, or larger rock fragments
Flood plain
a flat or nearly flat land adjacent to a stream or river that experiences occasional or periodic flooding.
Waterfall
a steep descent of water from a height
Alluvial fan
a relatively flat landform created by the deposition of sediment over a long period of time by one or more rivers coming from highland
river source
Point where a river begins
plain
extensive tract of level open land
barrier sand bar
ridges whose crests are parallel to shore and which are usually made up of water worn gravel put down by currents in hallow water at some distance from the shore