OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Terms in this set (13)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration. It was created in 1970 to protect the rights and safety of the workers. Its responsibilities are to encourage employees and employers to reduce workplace hazards, improve existing safety, and monitor job related injuries and illnesses.
Representation during investigation and ability to make complaints during investigation
Know of cited violations
Report unsafe or unhealthy conditions without repercussion
Access to OSHA standards and company health and safety statistics
Represented on safety committee
OSHA puts PRIMARY responsibility for compliance on the immediate supervisor of an employee
Decrease OSHA complaints through responsive supervision and prompt investigation of complaints
Make sure department is in OSHA compliance
Document and post the OSHA 300 report annually
This is a report that must be filled out for every work-related injury/illness
As an employer or a supervisor, you are required to report those work-related injuries or illnesses that result in:
Loss of consciousness
Days away from work
Restricted work activity or job transfer
Medical treatment beyond first aid
OSHA 300 Report
Federal/state employee rights
OSHA inspection violations
Rights of Entry
State compliance officers are authorized by federal government to enter places of business to examine equiptment, materials, and procedures.
Four (4) ways a compliance officer can enter the workplace:
Courtesy - requested by the business, no fines if violation is correct in an allotted amount of time
Periodic - arrival in a two (2) week window - immediate fines
Complaint - worker complain, unannounced inspection - immediate fines
Death or Hospitalization - happen to 3+ workers, inspection within 8 hours, immediate fines.
All buildings designed to house human occupancy must have sufficient exits to permit prompt escape
No worker should travel more than 150ft to a fire exit
There must be at least two means of exit if one of the primary exits are blocked due to fire or smoke
Exits must discharge into a street or open space that give safe access to a public way
All exits must be marked and visible:
Distinctive in color and contrast surroundings
The work EXIT must be easy to read with letters no less than six (6) inches
Portable fire extinguishers suitable to the conditions and hazards involved must be provided and maintained to ensure good operating condition
No worker should travel more than 50ft to an extinguisher
Extinguishers must not be obstructed and in plain sight
Maintenance must be done on extinguishers once a year and said maintenance documented on the tag along with the recharge date
Workers must be trained on the proper use of extinguishers in their yearly safety training.
General Duty Clause
General Duty Clause states that - "Each employer shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees"
This statement implies that new tools, equipment and practices, although not covered in the regulations, are covered under the General Duty Clause.
Each employer is responsible for the safe condition of tools and equipment used by employees
This includes tools and equipment that is purchased by the employees.
PPE (Personal Protective Equiptment)
Proper PPE, including shields and barriers, must be provided, used and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition. (if wearing it would have prevented the injury, it should have been worn)
Where employees furnish their own PPE, the employer is responsible to assure its adequacy and to ensure that the equipment is properly maintained
All PPE must meet ANSI-Z standards.
LOTO (Lock Out Tag Out)
During shift work on repairs, lock/tag must be removed by the leaving shift and a new lock/tag replace by the coming shift
In the auto repair industry the most common use of the lock/tag out is disconnecting the battery and tagging the terminal or the ignition
Confined Space Entry
Confined spaces typically have:
Limited openings for entry and exits
May contain toxic or flammable gases
Unsafe oxygen content
Potential for entrapment or suffocation
Confined spaces that pose a great danger or threat are designated "Permit Required Entry"
OSHA estimates that 400 workers die per year in confined space accidents and that up to 60% of confined space entry deaths involve untrained rescue personnel, entering to retrieve down workers
Confined spaces in the automotive service industry may include:
Sumps and sand traps
Hoppers/bins for blasting media
Substantial probability that death or serious injury will occur AND the employer knew or should have known of the hazard
Citations up to $7,000 but may be discounted up to 95% based on:
Violation that the employer willingly and knowingly commits
Knows they are not in compliance or that dangerous hazards exists
Citations up to $70,000 w/ a minimum fine of $5,000 for each violation
Citations may be discounted based on:
Willful Violation (cont'd)
A death as a result of a willful violation can carry also a fine up to $250,000 for an individual and $500,000 for a corporation and imprisonment up to 6 months
Violations that have no direct effect to the safety and health of the employees
These violations are documented, but not cited