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Week 27 U.S. History
Terms in this set (12)
16th President of the U.S.A. from 1861-1865, during the Civil War; He passed the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, freeing slaves in rebel states and gave the famous, "Gettysburg Address."
The Union (Army)
A general term for the United States during the Civil War which also was used to refer to the Northern army. Also known as "federals."
The Confederate States
The name given to the new nation and government when delegates from the states that seceded from the Union; they elected Jefferson Davis as their President. Also known as "rebels."
President of the Confederate States of America (during the Civil War)
Nat Turner's Rebellion
The slave revolt led by a slave/preacher which resulted in him and 19 others being hanged, the deaths of 160 people (black and white), the collapse of abolitionist societies in the South and stricter slave codes.
United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883)
Causes of the Civil War
Economic and social differences between the North and the South, having states vs. federal rights, slaves vs. non-slave proponents, the Growth of abolitionist movement and the election of President Abraham Lincoln.
(1800-1859) anti-slavery advocate who believed that God had called him to abolish slavery. Helped many slaves escape during the Underground Railroad in Massachusetts.
He was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid in Harper's Ferry, VA, to equip slaves with weapons for self-defense.
Ulysses S. Grant
18th President of the United States. As Commanding General, he worked closely with President Abraham Lincoln to lead the Union Army to victory over the Confederacy in the American Civil War.
Robert E. Lee
Appointed command of the Confederate Army in 1862 during the Civil War. Despite his skill he was forced to surrender to Ulysses S Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in 1865.
The Battle of Bull Run
It took place on July 21, 1861 and was the first major battle of the Civil War. It was fought near Manassas Junction, Virginia. Confederates won and the Union realized that it would not be as easy as they thought to defeat the south.
The Battle of Gettysburg
July 1-3 1863; The bloodiest battle of the Civil War over 50,000 deaths a 3 day long battle;
This was considered the Turning Point in the war. The North won, the South's confidence was shaken, and the rest of the war would be fought in the South as a defensive war.