World History Chapter 12
Terms in this set (39)
The country in which the Reformation began
"The Morning Star of the Reformation"
followers of John Wycliffe
The Bohemian reformer that was burned by the Council of Constance
sold "indulgences" near Luther's church in Wittenberg
certificates, according to Catholicism, granted pardon from the punishment of certain sins
Martin Luther's document challenging the Catholic Church
Pope Leo X
excommunicated Martin Luther
Peace of Augsburg
a compromise settlement that allowed each prince of the German empire to choose whether his territory would be Lutheran or Roman Catholic.
German ruler that condemned Luther as an outlaw of the empire
What did Luther's translation of the Bible into German help fuel (along with the Ninety-Five Thesis)?
a document that clearly set forth the chief doctrines for which Luther and his followers believed.
anyone who holds to the biblical teachings of the Reformation in opposition to Roman Catholicism
What was the first place outside of Germany that felt the influence of the Protestant Reformation?
early leader of the Swiss Reformation
a group of Protestants that opposed the practice of infant baptism in favor of the believers baptism.
the reformer in France that was forced to flee for his life. Wrote the "Institutes of the Christian Religion".
Edict of Worms
the edict by Charles V declaring Other a heretic- he was not to be given lodging food or drink by any subject of the emperor; all Luther's books were to be destroyed and Luther taken prisoner
What country broke from the papacy rule?
Ruling family in England during the Protestant Reformation
King Henry VIII
the Tudor king of England that broke away from the Roman Church so that he could take a new wife
Catherine of Aragon
daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain that was the 1st wife of King Henry VIII
"Act of Supremacy"
the Parliament passed to make the king the "supreme head" of the church of England and placed the church under direct control of the King
the 2nd wife of Henry VIII, archbishop of Canterbury declared the marriage legal, and she was the mother of Elizabeth I
Queen Mary I
Daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon; wife of King PhillipII, catholic and died with no heirs. Known also as "Bloody Mary" because of her persecution of Protestants.
Daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn; restored Protestantism to England
Church of England; Protestant
King Phillip II of Spain
Husband of Queen Mary I (Bloody Mary); sent the Spanish Armada to invade England
Sir Francis Drake
commanded the English ships for Queen Elizabeth
the "invincible" navy of Spain. Defeated by Sir Francis Drake and broke the Spanish sea power weakening the power of Spain.
the English Protestant group that believed the Anglican church had too many "trappings of the papacy". They wanted to "purify" the church
The English Protestants that believed there was no hope for changing the English church
leading Protestant Reformer in Scotland
Queen of Scotland, niece of King Henry VIII; catholic
St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
Catherine de Medici's surprise attack killing around 20,000 Huguenots
The Counter Reformation
the Catholic response to the Protestant Reformation
Reformer from Germany that wrote the "Ninety Five Thesis" and is credited with starting the Protestant Reformation
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