Impacts industry on the environment, Reasons for the changing economic structure of the UK - economic development
Terms in this set (25)
The production of goods such as machinery, mining equipment, and steel. Heavily polluting.
High Tech industry
An industry using or involving advanced methods and the most modern equipment. Less polluting
Post industrial economy
The economy of many economically developed countries where most employment is now in service industries.
The decline of a country's traditional manufacturing industry due to exhaustion of raw materials, loss of markets and competition from NEEs.
Development that meets the needs of the present without limiting the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
These businesses use computers and other hardware to store, process and use data, often to help businesses and governments
these are businesses that do work for a customer, and sometimes provides goods, but is not involved in manufacturing
a major part of the UK and especially London economy. They provide services to do with money, such as accountancy, money transfer, trading and credit.
These industries involve research and development, where ideas are transformed into workable products.
are purpose built areas of offices and warehouses, often at the edge of a city and on a main road.
often located near university sites, and high-tech industries are established. Scientific research and commercial development may be carried out in co-operation with the university.
one of the largest industrial concentrations in the country and is home to chemical and manufacturing industries.
A business is able to locate anywhere it chooses
Cambridge Science Park
Area of research and development on A14 next to Cambridge, sustainability evident
Primary Industry in the UK
Declined from 55% in 1750 to 1.3% in today
Tertiary industry in the UK
Increased from 16% in 1750 to 73.5% in today
Secondary industry in the UK
peaked at 61% but has been in decline ever since
is a new way of generating wealth from the "knowledge economy", at around 10% in the UK
Globalisation is the process which has created a more connected world, with increases in the movements of goods (trade) and people (migration & tourism) worldwide
Negative impact globalisation on the UK
many factories have shut down and production has continued in low income countries, which have less educated workforces, limited health and safety or no minimum wage laws
Positive impact globalisation on the UK
UK has a highly educated workforce who can work in global industries
the decline of a country's traditional manufacturing industry due to exhaustion of raw materials, loss of markets and competition from NEEs
The North East of England
An area of the UK that has suffered deindustrialisation
The increased use of machinery. Mechanisation normally means that many people lose their jobs.
A plan or course of action decided by a government to manage issues in a country. Impacts the type of jobs people do in the UK