founder of american behaviorism. claimed that childs future could be molded by environment.
Idea that genetic and environmental factors work together to influence the directions ones life takes
model suggest that nurture is the primary force in development. development is continous
part of interactionist model. means that there are multiple processes in development
Reciprocal nature of development
Recognition that people both influence and are influenced by the events in their lives.
Developed by Bronfenbrenner. Identifies multiple levels of the environment that interact with indv. processes of change.
Proximal Social Relational level
involves individuals relationships with significant others, peers, family
Relationship between older individual and society were society withdraws support in indv. so person begins to dissengage.
theory that says that older adults will suffer a loss of well being if forced out of social roles.
Idea that the increasing urbanization has led to lower social value for older people.
Multiple jeopardy stereotype
Additional biases are seen with minority groups particularly women beyond ageism
Older minorities and women have become immune to the effects of ageism to years of exposure.
Ericksons Psychosocial theory
Theory that says that person goes through 8 stages. each stage is defined as a crisis that challenges the indv. ego.
identity achievement vs identity diffusion
adolescence. stage where you have an unclear sense of self. strength fidelity
intimacy vs. isolation
young adult. establishing a mutual relationship with a partner. strength love
generativity vs. stagnation
middle adulthood. generativity being concerned with caring for the younger. stagnation is when indv. turn attn to people of their own age group. strength is care
ego integrity vs. despair
late adult. ego integrity when can look back at life and accept it. despair is feeling discontent with life strength wisdom
Identity process theory
Theory states processes of assimilation and accomodation can account for interactions between the indv. and experiences.
Multiple threshold model
Model that proposes that people pass through a series of steps of feeling old at different times for different systems of the body