Constitution

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4 years
president's term of office
House and Senate
two groups that make up the Congress of the United States
legislative branch
branch of the government that has the power to pass laws
veto
required of the president to stop a new bill
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendment to the Constitution, guarantees certain individual rights
Congress
power to declare war
members of the Supreme Court chosen
appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate
House of Representatives
a states's representation in based on the size of that state's population
President
has the power to make treaties with foreign governments provided 2/3 of the Senate approve
Checks and Balances
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws unconstitutional is an example of this principle
Political Parties
members vote for the election of the president
Federalism
to build cooperation between the state and national governments
Separation of powers
the division of government into three branches
Congress and state legislatures
two governmental groups the may propose amendments to the Constitution providing thee is a two-thirds majority vote to do so
Congress
power to declare wars and to raise armies
Vice President
president of the Senate but has no vote unless the Senate is equally divided
Two-thirds
members of Congress must vote to pass a bill after it has been vetoed
Congress
makes the law
President
enforces the law
Supreme Court
interprets the law
Article 5
important process provided for the Constitution to be amended
Congress override a presidential veto
both houses must pass the bill by a two-thirds majority
9 states
needed to ratify the Constitution before it took effect
Fifteenth Amendment
gave African-American men the right to vote
Senate
does not have the power to confirm candidates for the vice president
New bill
roles both houses of Congress play in the introduction of a new bill: they may rewrite or stop a bill that was passed by the other house; they may work together to approve a bill and they may vote to pass a vetoed bill.
First Amendment
protects the right to petition the government
Two-thirds majority
the majority required in Congress to introduce a constitutional amendment
18th Amendment
the only amendment to be repealed , was repealed by the 21st amendment
Enforce the laws
the most important duty of the president of the United States
Electoral College
role is to choose the president of the United State
Make treaties and appoint ambassadors
the president can with the approval of the Senate
Grounds for impeachment
committing treason, giving or accepting bribes and committing a high crime or misdemeanor
Appoint Supreme Court Justices
a power of the president
Citizens move from one state to another state
their rights under the Constitution remain unchanged
New states may be admitted to the Union
if approved by Congress
The Constitution can be amended
if the change is approved by two-thirds of both houses of Congress and three-fourths of the states
"supreme law of the land"
the Constitution, national laws, and treaties
Ratification
the process by which the Constitution or amendments to it were approved
The Nineteenth Amendment
women finally gained the right to vote with this amendment
Term of office of president of the United States
a person is allowed to hold the office for a maximum of two terms
Amendment abolishing slavery
was passed first before: the amendment giving all citizens except women the right to vote, the amendment giving all citizens equal rights under the law, and the amendment ending the poll tax
18 years old
the age a US citizen can vote
Article 1
concerned with the duties of the law-making, or legislative branch of the government
Congress
made up of the Senate and the the House of Representatives
House of Representatives
every two year the voters, from each state choose at least one person to represent them
Congress
official power to declare war
Vice President
of the United States also serves as President of the Senate
Impeachment
if the president of the United States is charged with a crime, the Senate acts as the jury in this procedure
veto a bill
if the president vetoes a bill, it can still become law if two-thirds of both houses of Congress vote to override the veto
First Amendment
the right to freedom os speech is guaranteed
Right to privacy
a person's home cannot be searched without a warrant, or special permission from a judge; because to do so would violate
First Amendment
Congress is forbidden to establish a national religion
Speedy and public trial
meant to protect the rights of accused persons
Due process of law
no person can be found guilty of a crime and punished , fair treatment under the law
Freedom to petition
the right to present a list of complaints to the government and demand changes is part of this freedom
Fifth Amendment
the guarantee that no person can be forced to testify against himself or herself
Treason
a person cannot be convicted unless at least one witness testifies against him or her
Article 3
guarantees a trial by jury to all persons accused of crimes in federal court, except in cases of impeachment
Judicial review
the Supreme Court's authority to decide whether or not a law violates the Constitution
Supreme Court Justice
unless they resign or are dismissed for bad behavior, Supreme Court justices hold their offices for life
Checks and balances
this system gives each branch of government some ability to limit the actions of the other two branches
Federalism
this system assigns some powers to the national government and other powers to the state governments
Individual rights
these are protected by the Bill of Rights
Popular sovereignty
this idea supports government by the people
Republicanism
in this form of government, citizens elect representatives to make laws
Separation of powers
this idea was the basis for dividing the government into three branches
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