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22 terms

Spanish Colonial Era: Missions

Review for Spanish Colonial Era Test
STUDY
PLAY
1682
Corpus Christi de Ysleta is built
West Texas
Which area of Texas was Corpus Christi de Ysleta built?
El Paso
What city is near Corpus Christi de Ysleta?
Corpus Christi de Ysleta
What was the first Spanish mission ever built in Texas?
1683
College of Santa Cruz de Los Tejas is built.
1718
Mission San Antonio de Valero and Presidio San Antonio de Bexar were built.
San Antonio
In what city are Mission San Antonio de Valero and Presidio San Antonio de Bexar located?
East Texas
Which area of Texas was San Francisco de Los Tejas built?
Nacogdoches
What city is near San Francisco de Los Tejas?
Why were settlements often built along water?
Rivers offered a clean source of water needed to survive.
Why did San Antonio chose San Antonio as the site to build the Alamo?
1. No French presence in the area
2. Natural Resources: plenty of timber and stone
3. Location: Half way trading post between the missions and New Spain
Why were missions and presidios built near each other?
Presidios protected the missionaries from the Native Americans and French.
Why did missions fail?
1. Native Americans did not want to convert.
2. Native Americans resented the intrusion on their land.
3. The missions were isolated
what is a mission?
A Spanish church built to convert Native Americans to Catholics.
The Alamo
What is another name for the Mission San Antonio de Valero?
Presidios
A military base built to protect the missions from attack?
Rancho
Privately owned ranches?
Rene Robert Cavalier de La Salle
What explorer established land for France and threatened the Spanish empire in Texas?
San Francisco de los Tejas
What was the first Spanish mission in East Texas?
El Camino Real
The Royal Road that led from the East Texas missions to the southern Rio Grande settlements.
Vaqueros
Cowboys that were well known for their skilled horse riding and cattle handling.
Alcalde
served as a mayor, sheriff, and judge of small cases.