Poetry Vocabulary Terms

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alliteration
the repetition of sounds, most often consonant sounds, at the beginning of words
assonance
the repetition of similar vowel sounds within non-rhyming words
atmosphere
mood or emotional quality of a literary work
ballad
song or poem that tells a story
blank verse
verse written in unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter
cinquain
a five line poem or stanza that follows a pattern of syllables
consonance
repetition of consonant sound before or after different vowel sounds
dramatic poetry
poetry that uses elements of drama
epic
long narrative poem on a great and serious subject centered on the actions of a heroic figure
figurative language
language used for descriptive effect often to apply ideas indirectly
free verse
poetry that has no fixed pattern of meter, rhyme, line length, or stanza arrangement
haiku
traditional form of Japanese poetry containing 3 lines and 17 syllables
hero
the main character in a literary work, typically one whose character or deeds inspire the admiration of the reader
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
iambic pentameter
rhythm pattern with 5 units (feet) each of which has an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
idiom
a word or phrase that has a special meaning different from its standard or dictionary meaning; usually unique to a region or people
line
a word or row of words that may or may not complete a sentence
lyric poetry
poetry that expresses a speaker's personal thought and feelings
metaphor
compares two or more things without using the words "like" or "as"
meter
a regular pattern of stressed syllables in a line of poetry
mood
the feeling or atmosphere that an author creates in a literary work
narrative poetry
poetry that tells a story
onomatopoeia
a word that sounds like the sound it is describing
oxymoron
a figure of speech that is a combination of two opposites
personification
giving human characteristics to non-human objects
repetition
a literary device in which sounds, words, phrases, lines, or stanzas are repeated for emphasis in a poem or other literary work
rhyme
repetition of the same sounds within a line of poetry, but usually at the end
rhyme scheme
the pattern that end rhymes form in a stanza or poem
rhythm
pattern of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables, especially in poetry
simile
a figure of speech using the words "like" or "as" to compare seemingly unlike things
sonnet
a lyric poem of 14 lines written in iambic pentameter and following strict patterns of stanza division and rhyme
speaker
the voice of a poem
stanza
group of lines that forms a unit within a poem
symbol
an object, person, place, or an experience that represents something else, usually something abstract
theme
the main idea or message of a literary work
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