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79 terms

chemistry probate

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Adipocere/Grave wax
the substance produced by saponification of fatty acids in the dead human body by calcium containg compounds.
Disaccharides
sucrose, maltose, and Lactose
Monosaccharides
fructose, galactose, and glucose
enzymes
suffixes -ase or -in
proteins
most complex of the organic compounds
saponification
yields glycerin and soap
soap
the product formed when an alkali, such as NaOH reacts with a fatty acid
Proteins
have amphoretic properties
Gravewax/adipocere
chemically similar to soap
peptide bond
occurs by the dehydration between the carboxyl group of one amino acid and the amino group of another amino acid
hydrolysis of normal lipid
glycerol & fatty acids
hydrolysis of alkaline lipid
glycerin & soap
hydrolysis of calcium containg compounds lipid
adipocere
fatty acids
stearic acid, palmetic acid, oleic acid.
lipids
tristearin, stearing, and adipose
polysaccharides
starch, cellulose, glycogen
basic ex of carbohydrates
sugars, starches, cellulose, and glycogen
end products of saponification when calcium is on the water of hydrolysis
adipocere; grave wax
Proteins
the most complex organic compounds
lips;fats
biocompounds that are esters
glucose and glucose
maltose hydrolysis
glucose and galactose
lactose will hydrolyze into
glucose and fructose
sucrose will hydrolyze into
aliphatic;acyclic compounds
compounds that are combined in an open chain formation
aromatic;cyclic compounds
compounds that are bonded in a ring formation
carbocyclic compounds
rings of carbon only
heterocyclic compounds
cylic compounds with mostly carbon in the ring with something else present
hydrocarbon
the simplest of organic compounds, contains only hydrogen and carbon.
methan; parrafin series
presence of a single carbon bond
alcohols
one hydrogen has been replaced by a hydroxide group
aldehyde
compounds that result from the partial oxidation of a primary alcohol
alkyl halides
those alkanes that have one or more hydrogen atoms replaced by a member of the halogen group
carboxylic acid
organic acid
carboxylic acid; organic acid
the result of a partial oxidation of and aldehyde
dialdehyde; glycols
compounds that contain two hydroxide groups
ketone
partial oxidation of a secondary group
ethanedial
glyoxal
methyltrichloride
trichloralmethane,chloroform
alkyl halides
RX
alcohols
ROH
aldehydes
RCHO
Ketones
RCOR
carbolic acids
RCOOH
aldehyde
-al
alcohol
-ol
carboxylic acid
-oic
ketone
-one
acetaldehyde
ethanal, ethyl aldehyde
acetic acid
acid in the make up of vinegar
acetone
most widely used organic solvent
HCHO
methanal, methyl aldehyde, oxymethylene, preservative
glycerol
most commonly used humectant in embalming
acetone
propanone, demethyl ketone
aldehydes
result from the partial oxidation of a primary alcohol
alkyl halides
one hydrogen replaced by a halogen
carboxylic acids
result from the partial oxidation of an aldehyde
ketones
result from the partial oxidation of a secondary alcohol
amides
organic compounds formed from the dehydration that occurs between carboxylic acid and amine
amines
hydrogens replaced by an alkyl group
diamines
organic compounds characterized by two amino groups
ethers
organic compounds formed from he dehydration that occurs between two alcohols
esters
organic compounds formed from the dehydration that occurs between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol
mercaptans; thioalcohols
the oxygen in the hydroxide group is replace with a sulfur atom
aminomethane
methy amine
diethyl ether
ethoxy ethane; ethyl ethyl ether
ethyl acetate
ethal ethanoate
methoxy ethane
methyl ethyl ether
methyl salicylate
oil of wintergreen
amides
r'-conh-r"
amines
r-nh3
esters
r-coo-r
ethers
r-o-r
mercaptans
r-sh
esters
-ate; -oate
paradichlorobenzene
used as a mold inhibitor in embalming powders
xylene; dimethyl benzene
a benzene ring with 2 methyl groups attached
benzene
cycloalkene that exhibits a physical property known as resonance
aminobenzene;aniline
used in the production of dyes and coloring agents that are used in embalming fluids
toluene; methylbenzene
common solvent