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1. ought for essence, rather than physical appearance.
2. tried to impose order on nature.
3. is hailed as the father of modern art.
1. believed in the "will to power".
2. looked for the rise of the ubermensch (overperson).
3. wrote of the death of God.
1. included Matisse among its advocates.
2. developed a school of expressionism.
3. originated in France.
1. was a school of expressionism.
2. painted as a form of social protest.
3. distorted forms in much of their work.
Impressionism was characterized by
1. bright colors and pleasant subject matter.
2. the optical mixing of colors.
3. capturing the moment in a world characterized by flux and change.
1. used massive and dramatic themes in his work.
2. was influenced by Michelangelo.
3. made sculptures greatly agitated on the surface.
1. was active during the turn of the century.
2. included Cézanne, Van Gogh, Gauguin, and Seurat in its ranks.
3. rejected principles of impressionism.
Reasons for unrest at the end of the 19th century included
1. scientific progress.
2. the growth of a world financial market.
3. the growth of democratic systems of government.
1. started as a realist, moved toward impressionism.
2. shocked the art world with his paintings of Olympia and Luncheon on the Grass.
3. introduced a flattening of three dimensional aspects of painting.
T or F: Food and housing shortages at the turn of the century were caused in part by a reduced rate in infant mortality and prolonged life expectancy.
T or F: Impressionism opened the way for modern art by breaking up the color into small brush strokes and by destroying the sense of solid forms.
T or F: Three groups of painters associated with expressionism were Die Brücke, the fauves and the Bloomsbury group.
T or F: One of the problems of religion at the turn of the century was that new sciences, such as psychology and anthropology, attempted to explain human life and behavior in new terms.
T or F: If one looked at the cities of Europe during the last part of the 19th century, he or she would likely have experienced a general mood of cheerfulness among the several populations.
T or F: The two women who worked with the initial French impressionists were Mary Cassatt and Berthe Morisot.
T or F: The first French artist to move from realism into the realm of early impressionism was Monet.
T or F: Impressionism is a type of realism in that it attempts to portray color more as it is experienced in real life.
T or F: The difference between impressionism and expressionism is that the first attempts to be less subjective and the second more subjective.
T or F: Many of the impressionistic holdings in American museums today are there because of the influence of Mary Cassatt.
T or F: Nolde was one of the few Western painters to deal with biblical subject matter at the turn of the century.
T or F: Growing resentment against Third World countries was part of the spirit of the last part of the 19th century.
T or F: Nietzsche was the founder of a major movement at the end of the 19th century called "the Zarathustrians."
T or F: Japan emerged into the Western world in 1853, and had a major impact on Western art and culture from that time forward.
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