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The contrasts between two places in social inequality (Northwood and Jembatan Besi)
Terms in this set (18)
Jembatan Besi place characteristics?
Population is 10 million, location is Jakarta in Indonesia.
A slum 4km northwest from the city.
In the slum the population is around 4000.
Northwood place characteristics?
population = 21,000
location = Irvine, South California
10km east of newport
Santa Ana mountains.
It is a fully planned city.
Housing conditions in Jembatan Besi
It is densely populated
Well built base using timber and brick but not good construction becomes make shift (scrap metal, wood)
Fire is a constant risk due to overcrowding and bad electricity.
Narrow alleys and tall housing = no sunlight.
Bare lightbulb and lots of slums.
Housing conditions in Northwood.
Single family houses on relatively large plots.
91% of households own their own home.
2.8% person is the average size.
Lined with eucalyptus trees, legacy of wind breaks established in farmland.
Environmental quality in Jembatan Besi.
There are very high levels of air pollution.
Use of kerosene for cooking means there are very high levels of emission drifting in the city.
Waterborne diseases like Cholera and typhoid are common
Hot humid environment = Hep A is an issue.
Dehydration due to diarrhoea and poor hygiene.
What is the environmental quality like in Northwood?
There are lots of green areas, it is close to a national park, and there is very little pollution and smog as it is on the edge of the city so it avoids it.
What is the income like in Jembatan Besi?
The average income is US$4 a day but it is not a regular income.
Insecure labour that is unskilled and casual labour which means its inconsistent and produces stress and one cannot always make their payments, not budgeting
Self-employment with families running small businesses. It is still a vibrant economy as there is entrepreneurship and innovation.
People sell food and second-hand stuff from waste tips.
Significant garment industry with little security in slums.
Little health and safety precautions.
What is the income like in Northwood?
People are well off = median income is $86,500 compared to the average of $52,250.
University of California is the single largest employer so there is research and there will be more investment as it is growth areas with development. An area of growth.
Lot's of tech companies = Blizzard entertainment (video games), pharmaceuticals and Space firms.
Business ventures and opportunities to begin in companies in a small well serviced premise.
What is the health like in Jembatan Besi?
Few homes have toilets which means no sanitation.
Slums have toilets but they are poorly built and run for a profit.
Toilets flush into open sewers in the streets.
There is no clean running water.
Groundwater polluted as it used to be a waste tip.
No affordable healthcare.
Healthcare in Northwood?
Healthcare is excellent.
People can afford the healthcare.
What is education like in Jembatan Besi?
There are schools but they are poorly equipped.
Children cannot complete education as they need to earn money.
They go to work in the garment industry as it is the main source of income.
What is education like in Northwood?
They have some of the best achieving schools in the US.
The education standards of residents are high, first degrees = 68.5% of residents over the age of 25.
20.5% possess a masters of doctorates.
There are 5 schools and several territory educational.
What is the age, ethnicity, gender, and personal mobility in Jembatan Besi?
There are lots of young females employed in the garment industry.
Families who have lived there for several generations so there is a good community feel.
Migrant workers only stay for a few months.
There is a strong sense of community and lots of children.
What is the age, ethnicity, gender, and personal mobility and crime in Northwood?
Half of the residents are white, the second most area with asian from Vietnam following the war.
A third of households are families with children.
The crime levels are 70% lower than the national average.
Safer than 96% of the cities in California.
Violent crime is 52 per 100,000
How is the access to resources in Jembatan Besi?
There is a main road near and the airport is only 12km away.
The river runs through the middle.
The slum is only 4km from the city centre.
How is the access to resources in Northwood?
They have access to beaches.
There is very good access to resources because its affordable due to the high incomes.
How does social inequality impact upon peoples lives in Northwood?
There are high rates of employment and it is one of the highest ranked cities in the US which means there is not much of an impact upon peoples lives. Planning laws so the nature will not change dramatically. Most likely would be affected by a recession and would feel the impacts.
How does social inequality impact upon peoples lives in Jembatan Besi?
There are plans to improve the area with Housing and Administrative building agency.
There are plans to make inroads in the worst area.
It won't be disappearing any time soon - not lots of investment.
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