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MArch Madness 5 vOIcecrAck EdItiOn
Terms in this set (35)
They ended the Western Roman Empire
What resulted from the ending of the Western Roman Empire. This time period lasted 1,000 years
Rivers and Seas
Isolated Europe and helped keep territories to stay independent
Roman Catholic Church
Played a key role in the growth and unity of Western Europe. Influenced the government.
The Catholic Church was always having problems with this guy
Forged an empire that included Germany, France, northern Spain, and Italy. The Pope also crowned him emperor, and he died in 814
Europe did this after Charlemagne's death
Joined forces with the Catholic Church in the 900's to regain control of Europe and to reestablish the Holy Roman Empire.
The emperors and popes of the Catholic Church struggled and fought for this. It would affect the rule of Europe for centuries
A political and social order in which a vassal would serve a lord in exchange for protection.
Land given to vassals for military service
This is what most vassals became
People who couldn't own or move property
Improved farming; included the steel plow, horse collar, the use of wind and water mills, and crop rotation
This increased and helped cities grow. This introduced merchants, bankers, and artisans in the cities.
Business groups that controlled business and trade in towns.
People demanded this from nobles
Alfred the Great
United the Anglo-Saxons
William of Normandy
Conquered the city of England in 1066
Limited the power of the king
Bad ruler, abused his power and was all around just a complete idiot
Helped the king rule
Eastern Orthodox Christianity
How Moscow was founded
Pope Urban I
Told European Christians that the Muslims were invading Jerusalem,
A holy war, there were ten of them and the Muslims won 8 of them
Knowledge and luxury goods
Europe was introduced to this after the Crusades.
End of Feudalism
Also an effect of the Crusades
Banking, trade, and business
Thrived in the 1100's
Combined faith with learning gained through reason and experience
Plague that killed almost everybody
conflict in which multiple popes claimed to be the leader of the church
100 Year war
conflict between France and England over territory
struggle in which Spain's Christian population drove out Muslims
People that Ferdinand and Isabella kicked out of Spain because they didn't believe in Jesus and were not Christian
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