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Pharmacology: PH-202 Test 1 Done 8-26-10 ID: A

Pharmacology: PH-202 Test 1 Done 8-26-10 ID: A To help Prepare For The Final Exam (Good Luck Everyone Whom Uses This As A Study Tool).
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What drugs are referred to as legend drugs?
drugs that must carry the legend caution---Federal law prohibits dispensing without a script
Controlled substances inventory records must be retained for; one year, two years, three years or four years?
two years
The controlled substances act may limit?
number of refills in a 6 month time
The schedule of controlled substances which has the highest risk of abuse potential is?
schedule C2
Drugs listed in schedule 1 of Controlled Substances?
are not approved for medical use
Prescriptions of the controlled substances listed in these schedules may not be called into the pharmacy?
schedules 1 and 2
Prescriptions of the controlled substances listed in these schedules may be called into the pharmacy?
schedules 3, 4, and 5
Prescriptions of the controlled substances listed in these schedules may be refilled up to 5 times in 6 months?
schedules 3 and 4
Which name is the common or general name assigned to a drug; and never capitalized?
generic name
Which name is the name by which the pharmaceutical company identifies its product; is copyrighted, and used exclusively by that company; with a capitalized first letter?
trade name
Which name is the exact molecular formula of the drug?
chemical name
The name of the drug as it appears in the in the official reference, the USP/NF, and which generally is the same as the generic name?
official name
The trade name Tylenol No. 3 indicates?
the product contains 300mg of acetaminophen with 30mg of codeine
Drugs with no purchasing restrictions by the FDA are?
OTC/over-the-counter drugs
Drugs determined unsafe for over-the-counter purchase because of possible harmful side effects if taken indiscriminately are called?
legend drugs
Drugs controlled by prescription requirement because of the danger of addiction or abuse are?
controlled substances
A list of possible unpleasant or dangerous secondary effects, other than the desired effect, is?
adverse reactions and side effects
A broad subcategory that list drugs that affect the body in similar ways are called?
classification
A description of the cellular changes that occurs as a result of the drug is?
actions
Lists of conditions for which the drug should not be given are?
contraindications
Lists of conditions or types of patients that warrant closer observation for specific side effects when given the drug are called?
cautions
The study of drugs and their origin, nature, properties, and effects on living organism is?
Pharmacology
A list of medical conditions or diseases for which the drug is meant to be used is called?
indications
Lists of other drugs or foods that may alter the effect of the drug, and usually should not be given during the same course of therapy, are?
interactions
When medication reaches widespread areas of the body it is called?
systemic
When medication effect is limited to the area of the body where it is administered it is called?
local affect
The initial high dose used to quickly elevate the level of the drug in the blood is called?
loading dose
The dose required to keep the drug blood level at a steady state in order to maintain the desired effect is called?
maintenance dose
Amount of a drug that will produce harmful side effects or symptoms of poisoning is called?
toxic dose
A dose that causes death is called?
lethal dose
Absorption of a drug occurs in the?
mucosa of the stomach, mouth, and small intestine
Distribution of a drug occurs in the?
circulatory system
Metabolism of a drug occurs in the?
liver
Excretion of a drug occurs in the?
kidney, sweat glands, lungs, or intestines
A condition(s) that may slow absorption of a drug is/are?
full or empty stomach
Variables affecting the speed and efficiency of drugs being processed by the body are?
age, weight, sex, and psychological state
The name by which a pharmaceutical company identifies its product is the?
trade name
The common or general name assigned to the drug is the?
generic name
The name of the drug as it appears in the official reference is the?
official name
The exact molecular formula of the drug is the?
chemical name
4-dimethylamino-4, 12 aoctahydro-3, 6, 10, 12, 12q pentahydroxyl-6 methyl-1, 11-dioxi-2naphthacenecarboxamide hydrochloride is the?
chemical name
Tetracycline hydrochloride is?
general name
Alpha-4dimethylamino-3-methyl-1-2, 2-diphyenyl-2 butanol, proprionate hydrochloride is?
chemical name
Darvon is?
trade name
propoxyphene hydrochloride
generic name
Tetracycline HCL is?
trade name
Drug controlled by prescription requirement because of the danger of addiction or abuse is?
controlled substances
No purchasing restrictions by the FDA
OTC/over-the-counter
Prescription drug; determined unsafe for over-the-counter purchase because of possible harmful side effects if take indiscriminately is?
legend drug
A list of conditions for which the drug should not be given is?
contraindications
A broad subcategory of drugs that affect the body in similar ways are listed in the?
classifications
A description of the cellular changes that occur as a result of the drug is?
actions
A list of conditions or types of patients that warrant closer observation for specific side effects when given the drug is?
cautions
A list of possible unpleasant or dangerous secondary effects, other than the desired effect is?
adverse reactions
Limited to one area of the body is the?
local effects
Cellular changes is a?
drug action
Absorbed and distributed throughout the body is what?
systemic effects
Physiological changes is the?
drug effect
Amount that will produce harmful side effects or symptoms of poisoning?
toxic dose
Initial high dose to quickly elevate the drug blood level?
loading dose
Dose required to maintain the desired effect?
maintenance dose
Dose that causes death?
lethal dose
Moving from blood into tissues and fluids?
distribution
Alterations the drug undergoes in the body?
metabolism
Getting into the blood stream?
absorption
Eliminating drug from the body?
excretion
An inactive substance that resembles a medication, although no drug is present?
placebo
Condition that results from exposure to either a poison or a dangerous amount of a drug that is normally safe when given in a smaller amount?
toxicity
The opposing action of two drugs in which one decreases or cancels out the effect of the other?
antagonism
The action of two drugs in which one prolongs or multiplies the effect of the other?
potentiation
The action of two drugs working together in which one helps the other simultaneously for an effect that neither could produce alone?
synergism
Decreased response to a drug?
tolerance
Unique unusual response to a drug?
idiosyncrasy
Immune response to a drug?
hypersensitivity
Effects from maternal drug administration that causes physical defects in a fetus?
teratogenic effect
Opposite effect from that expected?
paradoxical
Severe, possible fatal allergic response?
anaphylactic reaction
Acquired need for a drug that may produce symptoms when the drug is discontinued?
dependence