TN Ready Review on Pre-Civil War
Terms in this set (15)
MYTH OF THE ANTEBELLUM SOUTH
The South was full of large plantation filled with happy, well-taken care of slaves who were treated like family. The women of the home were beautiful, southern belles and the men were gentlemen.
REALITIES OF THE ANTEBELLUM SOUTH
Most farms were small with few slaves and the farmers lived in poverty. Slaves were treated with terrible cruelty.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE NORTH
Larger population, more railroads, industry, soil that was not that good for farming
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOUTH
Farming society,cotton was king, depended on slavery, very few factoiries, limited railroads
Born into slavery, this African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist best-known for her speech on racial inequalities, "Ain't I a Woman?",
Abolitionist leaderwho was born into slavery and became one of the most famous intellectuals of his time, advising presidents and lecturing to thousands on a range of causes
Southern born women who moved to the North to speak out against slavery and fought for the rights of women.
WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON
American journalistic crusader who helped lead the successful abolitionist campaign against slavery in his newspaper, The Liberator
In an effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states, this was passed in 1820 admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state
UNCLE TOM'S CABIN
Anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe.
COMPROMISE OF 1850
Overturned the Missouri Compromise and left the overall issue of slavery unsettled. In addition, the Fugitive Slave Law was passed, requiring northerners to return runaway slaves to their owners
BROOK'S ATTACK ON SUMNER
Representative from South Carolina severely beat a senator from Massachusetts with a cane in the Senate Chamber.This violent act was in response to a speech in which Sumner attacked the institution of slavery
It allowed people in the territories to decide for themselves (popular sovereignty) whether or not to allow slavery within their borders. The Act served to repeal the Missouri Compromise of 1820 which prohibited slavery north of latitude 36°30´.
JOHN BROWN'S RAID
This was an effort by an armed abolitionist to initiate an armed slave revolt in 1859 by taking over a United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.
An enslaved African American man who unsuccessfully sued for his freedom. He claimed that he and his wife should be granted their freedom because they had lived in Illinois where slavery was illegal. The United States Supreme Court decided against Scott, finding that neither he nor any other person of African ancestry could claim citizenship in the United States and that they were considered "property"
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