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BIO 328 ch 6 quiz
Terms in this set (26)
Which criteria of death are typically considered the most acceptable socially, legally, and clinically?
loss of whole brain function
loss of cardiopulmonary function
Because withdrawing treatment could directly result in the death of a patient, it carries more weight than withholding treatment in the first place
The "dead donor rule" of organ donation is dependent on...
purely biological terms
In physician assisted suicide (PAS) which of the following is/are true?
The patient performs the final act that ends his/her life
The doctor provides the means for the patient to kill him/herself
True or false: A physician may have multiple intentions in prescribing a lethal dose of barbiturates. Overdose of the prescription may lead to death, even though that may not have been the physician's first intention.
PAS is morally permissible when:
Patient is terminally ill
Voluntarily requests it
When it's in the patients best interest
True or False: PAS is morally permissible when death of the patient is of lesser evil and continued life is of greater evil.
When is physician assisted suicide morally permissible?
When death for a patient is the lesser evil and continued life is the greater evil
Which of the following is a condition that makes physician assisted suicide permissible?
There must be a diagnosis of terminal illness
The patient must be suffering from an unbearable and irreversible condition
The patient must not be suffering from treatable depression
What happens when a conflict persists and cannot be resolved what is the next possible step?
A third party such as an ethics committee makes a recommendation
When a treatment requested by a patient, surrogate or family is requested but it fails to meet the standards of quality of life and reasonable treatment and means of goals of treatments the treatment is:
Is there a distinction between withholding and withdrawing care?
no, there is no moral difference
The Hastings Center has proposals argues about concerning medical treatment at the end of life include:
The avoidance of premature death
Pursuit of a peaceful death
The struggle against death in many of its manifestations is an important goal of medicine, but also accept death as the destiny of human beings
Sometimes euthanasia and PAS is morally permissible when death is the lesser evil.
Is there a distinction between intending death and foreseeing death?
no, there is no moral difference
What changed the definition and diagnosis of death?
the mechanical ventilator
What did the mechanical ventilator do that old technology couldn't?
Sustain breathing and heartbeat, when the brain stem ceased to function
What is the newer "brain-based" definition of death?
when the function of the brain has fully ceased
True or False: A body without the capacity for consciousness cannot have any interest in what happens to it and therefore cannot be harmed?
What is the "dead donor rule"?
Organs can only be taken from the bodies of patients who have been declared dead
True or False: The duty to respect a patient's right to refuse treatment implies a duty to respect a patient's wish to be aided in suicide.
True or False: A futile action is one that is useless or ineffectual, in the sense that it cannot achieve its goal.
Doctor interpret futility in ___________ terms, while patients and families interpret futility in __________ terms.
True or False: In all instances of critical medical care, the ability to sustain life means that the disease process will be reversed and the patient will be restored to normal functioning
True or false: At the earliest possible time in a case of life-threatening illness, doctors should initiate discussion with families so that they can agree on reasonable goals of treatment for the patient
True or false: A futile action is one that is useful and effectual, in the sense that it aids in achieving a goal
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