Upgrade to remove ads
Health Psychology Exam #2
Terms in this set (33)
(Lesson 5) Explain the role of personality factors in the experience of stress and its effect on well-being.
-their personality each person brings to a stressful event will show how they will cope with that event
-these characteristics come from genes and environmental factors
-some personality characteristics make stressful situations worse and some help the situations
Compare and contrast the various coping styles presented.
Describe external resources and their effects on stress coping.
- socioeconomic status- having a higher SES means you have better access to healthcare, financial help, ect.
Identify the tasks associated with successful coping outcomes.
1. reduce stressful environmental conditions
2. maximize the chance of recovery, if relevant
3. adjust to or tolerate negative events
4. maintain a positive self-image
5. maintain emotional equilibrium
6. continue satisfying relationships with others
Describe the effects of social support on coping outcomes.
-Esteem Support: other people increase one's self-esteem
-Informational Support: other people are available to offer advice
-Social Companionship: support through activities
-Instrumental Support: physical help
Identify the key components of coping interventions.
-mindfullness-ability to be fully present in the current moment and to pay attention to the thoughts, emotions and sensations one is feeling at any given time
-cognitive behavioral therapy-form of psychotherapy that addresses the thoughts and behaviors that lead to negative emotional states such as depression and anxiety
internal and external resources and vulnerabilities that modify how stress is experienced and its effects
-a variable that changes the relationship between 2 other variables
ex: stress and well being (as stress increases well being decreases, but a moderator could be exercise)
the process of trying to manage demands that are appraised as taxing or exceeding one's resources
-the thoughts and behaviors used to manage the internal and external demands of situations that are appraised as stressful.
the belief that one can determine one's own behavior, influence one's environment, and bring about desired outcomes
negative affectivity (Neuroticism)
a pervasive negative mood marked by anxiety, depression and hostility
-Individuals high in negative affectivity report experiencing greater numbers of stressful events, relative to those who are not high in this trait
-50% of neuroticism is due to genetic factors
tendency to expect positive outcomes rather than negative outcomes
the propensity to follow socially-prescribed norms for impulse control, to be task- and goal-directed, to be planful, to delay gratification, and to follow norms and rules
interventions with patents who are awaiting treatment for the purpose of enhancing their perceptions of control over those treatments
a global evaluation of one's qualities and attributes
a propensity to deal with stressful events in a particular way
approach (confrontative, vigilant) coping style
tackling stressful events directly and attempting to develop solutions; an effective method of coping, although it may produce stress
avoidant (minimizing) coping style
coping with threatening events by withdrawing, minimizing, or avoiding them; believed to be an effective for short term, though not an effective long term, response to stress
attempts to do something constructive about the stressful conditions that are harming, threatening or challenging an individual
emotion- focused coping style
efforts to regulate emotions experienced because of the stressful event
clarifying, focusing on, and working through the emotions experienced in conuu
tendency to focus on the negative aspect of the stressor, or the negative emotions experienced as a result of the stressor, in a passive and repetitive way.
-holds one in an ongoing state of negative thoughts and emotions and does nothing to help an individual cope with or move past a stressor.
- beneficial effects that are thought to result from successful coping
information from other people that one is loved and cared for, esteemed and valued, and part of a network of communication and mutual obligation
provision of material support, such as services, financial support or goods
-ex: gift of food after a death in the family
-someone giving someone information to a person experiencing stress (from a friend, family, or other people in their social network)
indications from other people that one is loved, valued and cared for
when one receives help from another but is unaware of it
direct effects hypothesis
hypothesizes that social support mediates the relationship between stress and illness simply by its presence and that social support has a direct positive influence on health
social support mediates the stress-illness relationship by creating a buffer to the stressor by affecting an individual's appraisal of the stressor
social support is helpful to an individual to the extent that the kind of support offered satisfies the individuals specific needs
people learn how the appraise stressful events, develop skills for coping with stress, and practice putting these skills into effect
learning how to use ones time most effectively
people who create stress for others without necessarily increasing their own level of stress
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Health Psych Ch 7
Health Psyc Module 3 -- 12 Stress 2
Chapter 7 Health Psychology
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
HAI Test 1
marketing 3000 test number 1
lesson 5 sleep and sleep disorders
HS #2 Lesson 6