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20 terms

Introduction

basic info about disciplines
STUDY
PLAY
social sciences
the systematic study of people
anthropology
the study of the lives and cultures of human beings both alive and dead
physical anthropology
The study of human evolution, human biology and other primates
physical anthropology
Biological anthropology, primatology, forensic anthropology
cultural anthropolgy
The investigation of the origin, development and functioning of human cultures
cultural anthropolgy
Linguistics Archeology Ethnology-sociocltural
culture
the abilities ideas and behaviours people have aquired to become members of society
Morgan's stages of social evolution
savagery, barbarism, civilization
Lewis Henry Morgan
One of the first to conduct anthropological research of the aboriginal peoples of North America. Believed that each culture should be judged by its own standards and values, not Western ones.
Psychologists
try to describe, explain, predict and control behaviour and mental processes
Biological Psychology
study of the role of biological process and heredity in explaining behaviour
Psychoanalytic Psychology
the study of the role of unconscious motivation and early childhood experiences in determining behaviour and thought.
Behavioural Psychology
the study of the role of the environment in shaping and controlling behaviour
Phrenology
the study of the shape of heads. Early throrists thought that this shape of the skull could be used to predict the shape of the brain (and people's abilities)
Dr. Ivan Pavlov
studied the response of a hungry dog to a piece of meat.
Sigmund Freud
believed helping patients discover important events from their past, especially their childhood, could help with their diagnosis. Used dream interpretation, a form of psychotherapy.
Jane Goodall
looked at human/animal development through her work with chimpanzees.
Franz Boras
conducted his field work in Canada focusing on the Inuit of Baffin Island and the Kwakiutl in BC
Auguste Comte
coined the term sociology.
Auguste Comte
Thought that society's problems could be solved by scientific reasoning and positive orderly solutions from social scientists.