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Psyc 112 - Abnormal Psychology
Psyc 112 - University of Otago topic 4 - Abnormal Psychonlogy
Terms in this set (93)
Two main types of treatment of mental illness:
Focus on the past - try to resolve unresolved issues from past
Focus on the present - try to adapt current behviour
Focus on what we think - try to change way of thinking
Focus on teaching to reach full potential - try to help discover potential
Various mixture of all types of therapy - try to meet individual needs of patient
4 types of therapy:
Characteristics of REM sleep
Eyes move, muscles don't move, you dream.
Is REM light or deep sleep?
Which stage of sleep are you most likely to wake up in? Slow wave or REM?
By the age of 2, a child has spent ____ months asleep and ____ months awake
14 months asleep, 10 months awake
Lack of sleep affects the functioning in which area of the brain?
Effects of sleep disturbance
Physical, mental, emotional, behavioural problems (lots of problems)
Do you drive worse sleepy or drunk?
In extreme cases, sleep disturbance can cause what?
What disorders are sleep problems associated with?
ADHD, Depression, Anxiety, Substance Use
What are the effects of alcohol on sleep?
Go to sleep faster, but sleep is disrupted = sleep worse overall.
Sleep problems for infants
Sleep problems for preshool
Bedtime refusal, nighttime fears
Sleep problems for primary school
Bedtime problems, falling asleep
Sleep problems for adolescents
Circadium rhythm shifts, insomnia
Sleep problems for adults
How to manage night waking?
How to manage bedtime refusal?
How to manage bedtime problems?
Relaxation, thought management
How to manage insomnia?
Relaxation - read a book, no alcohol,caffeine etc before bed
How to improve sleep pattern
Have a regular patter, stick to it. (e.g. wake at 7 every morning)
ADHD symptoms must be present before age:
ADHD inattention symptoms:
Easily distracted, no attention, mistakes, difficulty listening, can't follow instructions, can't organise, loses things, forgetful
ADHD Hyperactivity / Impulsivity symptoms:
Fidgets, runs excessively, can't play quietly, talks lots, can't wait for turn, interrupts
3 types of ADHD
Inattentive, Hyperactive, or combined.
Cause of ADHD
ADHD is most common in males or females?
Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Losing temper, arguing, breaking rules, annoying others, feeling angry, being spiteful
Cause of ODD
Temperament, parent-child interaction
How to treat ODD
Behaviour management, parent-child interaction therapy
Symptoms of CD
aggression towards people, destruction, deceitfulness, violations of rules
Cause of CD
How to treat CD?
Behaviour management, parent-child interaction therapy
Why do children get depressed?
Hereditary, genetics, world view, life difficulties, exposure to life stressors
How to treat depression in children?
Parent psychoeducation, medication, academic help
Causes of childhood anxiety:
Hereditary, genetics, temperament, lie experiences, modelling (if parents are anxious, child will be)
How to treat childhood anxiety
Cognitive behaviour therapy
Restricted behaviour, reduced sharing of interests, deficits in understanding language, difficulty in making friends are all symptoms of what?
Autism spectrum disorder
What % of the world is affected by Autism Spectrum Disorder?
What year of life are symptoms of Autism usually recognised?
2nd year of life (2 years old)
Autism is 4 times more common in ____ than _____
Males than females
Depression symptoms must be over a period of___ weeks:
depressed mood, no interest, weight increase/ decrease, insomnia, fatigue, indecisiveness, thoughts of death
Why do people get depressed?
Genes, temperament, environment, thinking styles, behaviour (everything pretty much)
Treatment of depression:
Psychological or Medicine
Bipolar 1 disorder
1 manic episode
period of abnormal mood - inflated self esteem, no need for sleep, more talkatve
Similar to manic episode, only lower level/ less intense
Treatment of bipolar 1 disorder
Psychological, Medication. Hard to treat during the episode
Benefits of anxiety
response to threat - more likely to perceive danger
Sympathetic nervous system
Releases energy (adrenaline)
Parasympathetic nervous system
Restores body to normal after a response
Genealised anxiety disorder
anxiety is generalised
intense fear in absense of any threat.
Fear of public spaces, leaving the house etc.
Social anxiety disorder
Fear of being scrutinized by others
Anxiety caused by a specific stimulus or situation (e..g spiders)
Cause of anxiety disorders
Genetics, life experiences, life stressors, personality
Treatment of anxiety
Delusions, hallucinations, disorganised speech, negative behaviour
Phases of schizophrenia (3)
What are hallucinations?
Distortions in perception
Types of hallucinations (senses)
What are delusions?
Fixed beliefs that are not able to change
Types of delusions
Positive symptoms of schizophrenia
distortions in stuff
Negative symptoms of schizophrenia
Restrictions in stuff
___ - ____% of the population is affected by schizophrenia
In 3/4 of all schizophrenic cases, the disorder occurs between ___ and ___ years old
15-45 years old
Do boys or girls usually have an earlier psychotic break of schizophrenia?
Boys earlier than girls
Causes of schizophrenia
Strongly genetic, runs in families.
Treatment of schizophrenia
Combination of medication and therapy
Two types of eating disorders
Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa
failure to maintain normal body weight
binge eating episodes followed by compensatory mechanisms
Girls miss menstrual cycles to save energy - as so little body weight
2 types of anorexia
Restricting type (no bingeing)
__ - ___% of women age 16-25 have anorexia
__% of anorexics are female
Age of onset of anorexia:
mid-late adolescence (14-18 years)
Treatment of bulimia
increase self-esteem, medication to make you feel full
3 levels of alcohol amounts
___% of mental health patients also have alcohol use disorder?
__% of alcoholics suffer from depression or anxiety?
Treatment of alcohol use disorder
detoxification, rehabilitation, self-help groups (AA)
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Psyc 112 - Social Psychology
Psyc 112 - Child Development
Psyc 112 - Thought & Language
psyc112 social psychology
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