Lord of the Flies Study Guide

b. handsome, athletic, natural leader
e. intelligent, not very active
h. poetic, sensitive loner
a. choir leader, "silly without ugliness"
g. one of the pair of identical twins
d. "grinning all the time," choir boy
i. "slight, furtive," natural tendency to cruelty
f. numerous small children of the group
c. Sam's brother
How did the boys happen to come to the island?
They were ejected from a flaming airplane.
What do the boys have that is the symbol of authority in the society they form?
A conch shell
What does the reader learn about Jack when he slashed the green candle buds?
His method of dealing with the world is violent
What does Jack's hesitation to kill the piglet show?
He must learn to put aside his inhibitions.
Who are the hunters, and what is their job?
The choirboys; getting food
What does a Little 'Un think he has seen in the forest?
A snake-thing which he calls a beastie
How and why do the boys make fire?
It was a rescue signal. They use Piggy's glasses as a "burning glass."
Why does the boy's plan for rescue fail?
They didn't have a well-thought out plan to control the fire.
Although Ralph criticizes the boys for their lack of cooperation, does he bear some of the responsibility for the failures of the group to achieve its goals?
Ralph is partially responsible. He has the desire to bring civilization, but lacks the
competence to do so. He believes life is too much like a story.
How has Jack's personality developed during his stay on the island?
Jack is degenerating from a civilized boy to a primitive, near animal level.
Ralph says of Simon, "He's queer. He's funny." What kind of a boy is Simon?
Simon is a loyal and helpful worker. He likes to be alone to think and feel the beauty
of the forest.
After Maurice and Roger destroy the littluns' sand castles, Roger stalks the young boy named Henry. When he begins to throw stones, why does Roger just throw near Henry
instead of directly at him?
The old laws of school, church, and family still hold him back.
What causes the hunters, who had promised to keep the fire burning, to neglect it and allow it to go out?
They are becoming more savage, and can only think about hunting.
How does the author show us that Ralph is finally beginning to face the realities of their
Ralph becomes distressed at his filthy clothes and dirty long hair.
Compare Ralph's treatment of the littluns with Jack's.
Ralph tries to calm their fears and give them a sense of security. Jack intimidates
and frightens them.
What is Simon saying when he thinks the "beast" may be inside the boys themselves?
The dark side of the human personality can destroy mankind.
What do Sam and Eric tell the others they have seen? What is it actually?
They say they have seen a beast. It is really the corpse of a parachutist.
Why do Ralph and Jack decide to go find the beast?
They think the others are silly and want to show that there is no beast.
How does Ralph react when a boar comes charging down the path?
His spear hits, but does not deter, the boar. His excitement at wounding a living
creature shows Ralph his dark side.
To what does Ralph's demonstration of his hunting prowess lead?
The boys go into a hunting frenzy and begin jabbing and poking at Robert.
What did the boys see on the mountaintop?
They see a strange, ape-like beast that seems to move back and forth.
How does the author show the increase in evil in the boys?
More of the action takes place in the dark or deep night.
How does Ralph's waning confidence in himself show in his words and actions?
He starts biting his nails, shuddering involuntarily, and twisting his hands.
How does Jack overthrow Ralph's authority?
Jack announces he won't play anymore, and goes off by himself.
Jack suggests a way to keep the beast happy. What is it?
Give the beast part of each kill.
What is the meaning of the Lord of the Flies' message to Simon?
Evil is a trait inside of man.
Who or what is the Lord of the Flies?
It is the sow's head, and represents evil.
What does Simon find when he finally reaches the beast?
It is a dead pilot. The parachute is tangled and inflates when the wind blows.
What happens to Simon when he returns to the group?
The hunters kill him before he can tell them anything.
What happens to the bodies of Simon and the Parachutist?
They are taken out to sea by the high winds and tides.
What does Jack plan to steal from Ralph and Piggy?
The fire
What will Jack do if someone interferes with him?
He will order the hunters to kill them.
What happens to the conch and Piggy?
They are both shattered by the huge boulder.
What are Jack's plans for Ralph?
Jack will hunt for and kill Ralph.
What course of action does Ralph take? Why?
He runs away because he cannot fight all of the hunters.
What is Ralph's reaction when he encounters the pig's skull?
He hits it with his fist and splits it open.
What do Samneric tell Ralph?
Roger has sharpened a stick at both ends and the hunters will go after
him the next day.
Which is not one of the ways the hunters used to find Ralph?
Make nets of jungle vines
How is Ralph saved in the end?
A British naval officer finds him.