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Bible Exam Dr. Pittman
Terms in this set (92)
How many pastoral epistles are there?
What are the pastoral epistles?
1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus
In Timothy what two threats confront the church of Ephesus and Crete?
1) False teachers threaten to destroy the church
2) The environment is hostile to the church
In Romans, has Paul visited the congregation previously?
In Romans, is there a pressing issue or crisis that he is addressing, like he does in Galatians?
What do we know about the members of the "Church in Rome, those called to be saints"
There are many that Paul knows, made up of Jews and gentiles
What indications do we have about Pauls hope in writing?
He hopes to go to Spain, he wants the Roman church to help him with that
Recite Romans 1:16-17
For I am not ashamed of the gospel
It is the power of God.
To everyone who has faith
To the Jew first, and also to the Greek
For in it, the righteousness of God is revealed
Through faith for faith
As it is written "The one who is righteous will live by faith"
What is diatribe?
A style of writing in which the writer addresses possible objections and questions
What is an important feature of Paul's style?
For Paul what is the original sin?
What verse is about the universal story of sin in Romans?
What is a catena?
What Jesus accomplished on the cross
Five constellations of images
1) Court of law (justification)
2) Commercial dealings (redemption, or debt)
3) Relationships (reconciliation)
4) Worship (sacrifice)
5) Battleground (trump over evil)
Four themes within Romans 8:1-17
Romans 8:31-39 is the...
What three letters are related? How are they related?
Colossians, Ephesians, Philemon. Prison letters
Which letters are linked by common individuals?
Ephesians and Philemon
Which letters are linked by common theme?
Colossians and Ephesians
Paul had been to Ephesus (1 For 15:32, 16:8) but never mentions it in Ephesians. Why not? Provide two explanations.
1) Paul did not write the letter
2) It was written as a "circular letter" and only later became attached to the location of Ephesus
- Our earliest manuscripts (ca. 200) omits "in Ephesus"
Theme of Colossians
Sufficiency and Supremacy of Christ
Key terms within Colossians
Fullness, mystery, being presented "perfect", assurance, and knowledge
Who are the household codes addressed to in Colossians?
Wives and husbands, Fathers and children, slaves and masters
What is distinctive about New Testament household codes?
-Set in the context of mutual submission (see Eph 5:21)
-Emphasis on the responsibility of the more powerful party to be like christ
Who is 1 and 2 Timothy addressed to?
Timothy, Paul's coworker
In Ephesians Chapter 2,3,4 what are some examples described about life before christ "Old Life"
- We were dead (Ephesians 2:4)
- Outsiders "Uncircumcised heathens", living apart from christ (Ephesians 2:11-12)
- Were strangers and foreigners (Ephesians 2:19)
- Tricked by lies, immature like children, influenced by false teachings (Ephesians 4:14)
In Ephesians Chapter 2,3,4 what are some examples described about life after Christ "New Life"
- We are alive (Ephesians 2:4)
- We are God's masterpiece he created us anew (Ephesians 2:10)
- United with Jesus and brought near to God through christ (Ephesians 2:13)
- Christ brought peace and united (Ephesians 2:14-18)
- God's holy people, members of God's family (Ephesians 2:19)
- Jews and gentiles belong to the body of christ (Ephesians 3:6)
- Can come bodily into God's presence bc of Christ (Ephesians 3:12)
- Speak truth in love, growing in christ (Ephesians 4:15)
What does Paul want Philemon to do regarding to Onesimus?
- Paul wants Philemon to welcome Onesimus in the same way that he would welcome Paul (17)
- Paul wants Philemon to take Onesimus back "no longer as a slave but more than a slave, a beloved brother... both in the flesh and in the Lord" (16)
Who is Onesimus and what has he done?
- Onesimus is Philemons slave (1:16) and he has run away from his household to be with Paul (1:12)
What has occurred between Paul and Onesimus? What is the nature of their relationship?
- When Onesimus ran away to Paul, Onesimus became like a son to him. In verse 10 Paul refers to him as his child.
What do we know about Philemon?
- Philemon is a friend of Paul, and a believer in Christ, we also know the he runs a church within his house (1:1-2)
What is Pauls relationship to Philemon?
- Pauls relationship to Philemon is a friend and coworker as mentioned in the greeting in verse 1.
- There is also language of partnership mentioned in verse 17
What are the three theories of why Onesimus left?
1) Onesimus is a runaway slave that has been caught, sent to prison, meets Paul and becomes a christian
2) Runaway from Philemon to Paul, to get Paul to serve as a mediator between Onesimus and Philemon
3) Philemon sent onesimus to Paul, onesimus maybe stayed too long and hasn't return when he was suppose to, or lost some money (financial situation)
Where does slavery come up in the New Testament? What do our New Testament authors say about slavery?
Slavery comes up in Ephesians, Colossians, and Philemon. Ephesians 6:5-9. Colossians 3:22-25, Colossians 4:1
Why do you think the New Testament authors did not challenge the social institution of slavery?
- They couldn't rise up against Rome, Christ submitted to authority and was an example, Christ was obedient, submissive and humble
How does someone become a slave?
- Born into it
- Conquered people captured and made slaves
- Choose to become slave because in debt
What were the conditions like for slaves?
- Depended on master and jobs
- Some slaves were very educated and held important jobs
- Some slaves did manual labor
How does Paul know the community in Colossae?
- Report from Epaphras ( 1:7-8; 4:12)
- Paul's social network (4:7-17)
Where is Colossae located?
- In asia minor (modern day turkey)
- Located on Lycus River on a major east-west trade route
- Other major cities Laodicea and Hierapolis (Col. 4:13-16)
Reflections on ministry Colossians 1:24-29
- Paul rejoices in his sufferings for the sake of the gospel
- He is a servant of they "mystery" which is "Christ in you, the hope of glory"
- Labors to present before God's people who are "mature"
- The area was known for mystery religions and its fascination with the magical and mysterious
- Possibilities for the opponents: Judaizers, practitioners of mystical forms of Judaism that emphasizes visions, local pagan cults, astrologers, or a combination of various perspectives circulating in the area.
What verse speaks on christian maturity?
What are household codes?
- Similar "table of household duties" can be found all over the greco-roman world
- A christian articulation of social relationships in their world
- Instructions for christian families on how to treat one another
Examples of household codes
- Ephesians 5:21-6:9, Colossians 3:18-4:1, 1 Timothy 2:8-15, Titus 2:1-10, 1 Peter 2:13-3:7
How is the righteousness of God revealed?
- God is a righteous judge, especially concerned for the poor and vulnerable
- God acts with covenant faithfulness to God's people (even when God's people are unfaithful)
- When the end of time comes, God in great power will make all things right
Structure of Romans
- Introduction and Thanksgiving 1:1-17
- Section 1: Chapters 1-4
- Section 2: Chapters 5-8
- Section 3: Chapters 9-11
- Section 4: Chapters 12-16
Examples of Diatribe
1) " You, then, that teach others, will you not teach yourself?"
2) "What if some were unfaithful? Will their unfaithfulness nullify the faithfulness of God?"
3) "Shall we go on sinning so that grace my abound? By no means!"
The Universal Story of Sin in Romans
- The story of sin in summary: "they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshipped created things rather than the creator."
- Paul's words here are similar to other accounts of Gentile sinfulness, in particular
- The argument builds toward the culminating list of 1:28-32 - no one is excluded
The Story of Sinful Isreal
- 2:1-16 Beware to those who sit in judgment
- 2:17-29 Obedience to the law
- 3:1-8 What advantage do we Jews have?
- 3:9-20 "there is no one righteous, not even one"
Three themes within Romans 8:18-30
- Suffering and Glory
- Spirit and Glory
- Help and Good
Is the law sin?
No, the law makes it clear what counts as sin
What does the law say about sin?
- 3:20 "through the law comes the knowledge of sin"
- 5:20 "But law came in, with the result that the trespass multiplied; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more:
- 7:5 " While we were living in the flesh, our sinful passions, aroused by the law, were at work in our members to bear fruit for death."
- 7:9 "Sin, seizing an opportunity in the commandment"
What makes Romans 9-11 so tricky?
- It seems to come out of nowhere
- Paul uses strategies in his argument that are unfamiliar to us, and thus hard to follow
- Paul quotes extensively from the OT, with modern Christians don't know very well
What makes Romans 9-11 so important?
- It is a question about the righteousness of God
- "has the word of God failed?" (9:6)
- "is there injustices on God's part?" (9:14)
- "I ask, then, has God rejected his own people?" (11:1)
- Interpretations have consequences
- God has rejected Israel and he only cares about the gentiles
- Anti jewish prejudice (against Jews)
What does "the end" mean in Romans?
- Christ is not the abolishing of the law
- Rather, Christ is the goal of the law
Key points in Romans
- God is righteous and faithful
- (9:6), (9:14), (11;1:10
- God's mercy wins the day
- (9:15), (10:12), (11:32)
- How God's mercy works is sometimes a mystery
- Paul does not have a clear explanation for the rejection of Jesus by many in Israel
- But Paul sees that God's merciful power can be at work even when things appear to have gone badly. The Gentiles have been "grafted on" to God's people
- Paul ends with praise: Romans 11:33-36
Theme for chapter 12-16 (Living in view of God's mercy Romans)
- General instructions for moral living
- Living within the empire
- The love of neighbor
- Welcoming one another
Structure of Ephesians
- opening with blessing and prayer (1:1-23)
- New life in christ 2:1-22
- brought from death to life
- brought from division/hostility to unity
- Pauls ministry of the "mystery" and a prayer (3:1-20)
- Unity in the body of Christ (4:1-16)
Ephesians Moral living in the New life
- Specific moral instructions
- Emphasis on speech
- "Be imitators of God"
- "Instructions for christian households"
Ephesians: God's victory over "principalities and powers"
- The armor of God
- Pauls asks for prayers for boldness
Those mentioned in Philemon
What kind of language does Paul use to instruct the Philippian church and to describe their relationship in christ?
What are some indications of friendship theme in Philippians
- Language of fellowship (koinonia)
- Holding all things in common, sharing
- Being of one mine, one soul, one purpose
- Indications of closeness- friends are "another self"
- Syn (together, with) applied to a variety of words, translated as "fellow sharer" or "co-laborer"
What is Koinonia?
Language of fellowship
Examples of Koinonia in Philippians
- 1:5 "because of your sharing in the gospel from the first day until now"
- 2:1 "If then there is any encouragement in Christ, any consolation from love, any sharing in the spirit"
- 3:10 " I want to know Christ and the power of his resurrection and the sharing of his sufferings"
- 4:15 "No church shared with me in the matter of giving and receiving except you alone"
Syn-prefix with verbs
- Struggle (1:27, 4:3)
- Rejoice (2:17-18)
- Be formed (3:10)
- Receive (4:3)
- Share (4:14)
Syn-prefix with nouns
- Co-sharer (1:5)
- Co-soul (2:2)
- Co-wroker (2:25; 4:3)
- Co-solider (2:25)
- Co-imitator (3:17)
- Con-formed (3:21)
- Com-panion (4:3)
Three fold movement within Philippians
1) Jesus, in the form of God
2) Taking the nature of a servant, death on cross
3) Exalted by God, now all knees bow
What do we know about Timothy?
- His mother is Jewish and his father was Gentile (Acts 16)
- He has been Paul's frequent fellow minister and sometimes co-author
- Timothy is young and has been left by Paul to minister in Ephesus (1 Tim 4:12)
- Timothy's faith was shaped by his mother Eunice and his grandmother Lois (2 Tim 1:5)
- Paul views him as a son in the faith (2 Tim 2:1)
Who is Pauls other co-worker?
What do we know about Titus?
- He is mentioned in 2 For 8:23 as one facilitating the collection for Jerusalem
- He also served as Paul's representative during a conflicted time with the Corinthian church (2 Cor 2:13; 7:5-16)
- He accompanied Paul on a trip Paul took to Jerusalem to meet with the leadership there (Gal 2:1-10)
- Titus has been left aside in Crete to put things in order and to establish local leadership of the church (elders)
1 Timothy outline
- True and false teaching (1:3-20; 3:14-4:10; 6:3-5)
- Conduct within the community (2:1-15; 4:11-5:2; 5:22-23; 6:11-14)
- Church order/leadership (3:1-13; 5:3-20)
- Final exhortations (6:20-21)
2 Timothy outline
- Exhortations about ministry (1:8-10, 13-14; 2:1-7, 14-17; 19-26; 3:14-4:5) Paul's sufferings (1:11-12, 15-18; 2:8-13; 3:10-13; 4:6-8)
- Troublemakers in the church (2:17-18; 3:1-9; 4:14-15)
- Personal news/requests/greetings (4:9-13; 19-21)
- Church order (1:5-9)
- False teaching (1:10-16)
- Community relations and belief (2:1-3:11)
- Instructions concerning some fellow christians (3:12-14)
What is Timothy's task in Ephesus?
- 1 Tim 1:3
Images for false teachings/teachers
- Health metaphor
- Banking metaphor
What is the antidote for the sickness caused by the false teaching?
- Content of the teaching
- Character of the teachers
Some common themes for Timothy and Titus
- They are not to allow those within the communities to look down on them
- They are given positive and negative examples
- They are given specific instructions on how speak to various populations in the church
Elders: 1 Tim 3:1-7
- Desire a noble task
- Manage his household
- Have a good reputation
Deacons: 1 Tim 3:8-13
- Not greedy
- Prove himself
- Family man
- Great faith
- manage his own household
Deaconesses or wives: 1 Tim 3:11
- Represent their husbands well
- Faithful in all things
Widows: 1 Tim 5:3-14
- Godliness in the household
- Show hospitality
- Reputation of good works
Romans 5:12-21 Christ verses Adam
- God's grace and gift of forgiveness
- allows us to be right with God
- triumph over sin and death
- eternal life
- Sinned and sin entered the world
- Sin brought death; death for everyone who sinned
- Everyone died from the time of Adam to the time of Moses
- Led to condemnation
Major themes for Pastoral Epistles
- Sound Doctrine
- False Teaching
- Roles in the household
- Suffering and Shame
- Church government
Major Theme for Romans
- Death and Resurrection
- Justification by faith
- Obedience by faith
- Universal availability of salvation
Major theme for Philemon
- Powers of persuasion
- Paul's attitude towards slavery
Major theme for Ephesians
- The mysterious plan of God
- Elevation of the church
- Idealized status of believers
Major theme for Colossians
- Sufficiency and Supremacy of Christ
- Knowledge and maturity
- Realized eschatology
Major theme of Philippians
- Incarnation and humility
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