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Anatomy Lab: terms- Body cavities

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dorsal and ventral
what are the 2 subdivisions of body cavities?
cranial and vertebral (spinal)
what are the subdivisions of the dorsal body cavity?
thoracic, abdominopelvic
what are the subdivisions of the ventral body cavity?
thoracic cavity
the cavity where the heart and lungs are located
abdominal cavity
the cavity that houses the stomach, intestines, liver and other organs
pelvic cavity
the cavity that is partially enclosed by the bony pelvis and contains the reproductive organs, bladder and rectum
serosa/ serous membrane
an exceedingly thin, double layered membrane which covers the walls of the ventral body cavity and the outer surfaces of the organs
parietal serosa
the part of the membrane lining the cavity walls
visceral serosa
the part of the membrane covering the external surface of the organs within the cavity
peritoneum
the serosa lining the abdominal cavity and coving its organs
pleura
the serosa enclosing the lungs
peridcardium
the serosa around the heart
umbilical region
the centermost region which includes the umbilicus
epigastric region
immediately superior to the umbilical region, overlies most of the stomach
hypogastric (pubic) region
immediately inferior to the umbilical region, encompasses the pubic region
illiac (inguinal) regions
lateral to the hypogastric region and overlying the superior parts of the hip bones (2)
lumbar regions
between the ribs and the flaring portions of the hip bones- lateral to the umbilical region (2)
hypochondriac regions
flanking the epigastric region laterally and overlying the lower ribs (2)
synovial cavities
joint cavities- they are enclosed within fibrous capsules that surround the freely movable joints of the body