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Western Civilization Chapter 26: The Inter War Years
Terms in this set (50)
Who was the powerful and ruthless leader of the Soviet Union from 1929-1953 who also ordered the Great Purge in which he had his real and imagined enemies arrested?
The peace treaty that ended World War I actually led to World War II. What was the name of that treaty?
Treaty of Versailles
This "man of steel" led a totalitarian regime that murdered millions of Soviet citizens and controlled every aspect of Soviet life.
In the Great Purge, Stalin was attempting to purify what group?
Unlike authoritarian governments, totalitarian governments...
Have an official guiding ideology
The Third Reich was the government of...
What did Stalin's order to "collectivize" farms mean?
It forced peasants to work farms together for the state rather than themselves
Benito Mussolini MOST LIKELY annexed Ethiopia into the colony of Italian East Africa because he...
Wanted to overtake colonies to build a large empire
Which leader and country matches with the following word: Nazism
Adolf Hitler, Germany
After WWI, Japan attempted to solve some of its economic problems by doing what?
Expanding its influence in Asia
Which of these played a major role in the spread of both communism and fascism in Europe between the World Wars?
Economic hardship created by the Great Depression
-Seeks to eliminate conflict between economic and social classes
-Rejects the notions of the "rights of individuals"
-Believes businesses and governments can work together in a "corporate state"
- Suppresses free speech and believes "others" are to blame for domestic problems
During the 1930's the leaders of Japan, Germany, and Italy made war more likely by
Using nationalism to establish warlike attitudes among their populations
Which choice explains how each of the fascist leaders in Europe and Asia prior to World War II gained the trust of the people in their countries?
What is a dictator?
Someone who gains complete control of a country's government
Fascism in Europe, during the 1920's and 1930's, is best described as what?
A form of totalitarianism that glorified the state above the individual
Who was the Fuhrer?
The title of Hitler's book, Mein Kampf, in English is...
When the Italian fascists invaded this African country in 1935, the world did nothing.
This form of government consists of a one-party dictatorship that rules through terror and violence, while attempting to control all aspects of the lives of the citizens.
Which country during the 1900's was LEAST LIKELY to experience a totalitarian structure?
Which was a characteristic of Germany under Adolf Hitler and the Soviet Union under Josef Stalin?
Governmental control of the media
What ethnic group of people did Hitler hate the most?
Who was Il Duce?
Following the death of Vladimir Lenin, the Soviet Union imposed a form of government on central Europe that can best be described as...
The PRIMARY purpose of Stalin's 1928 Five Year Plan was to...
Rapidly industrialize the Soviet Union
What were the imperialist policies adopted by Japan following World War I focused on?
Obtaining natural resources for manufacturing war materials.
Government in which a one party dictatorship regulates every aspect of citizens' lives
Ruler who has complete control over a government
A political regime where a military dominated government controls all aspects of society
A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs
-Popular because promised to make economy better, gain more land, and build military
****Blackshirts were secret police to enforce his goals
****II Duce (the chief) was known as that when prime minister
-Fascist and racist
-Thought Wiemar republic disloyal and weak because accepted Treaty of Versailles
-Inspired by Mussolini
****Secret police were Brown Shirts
****Talked politics in Beer Hall Putsch
-Mein Kampf outlined his plans for Germany while in jail
-Named chancellor (prime minister)
-Called is gov. Third Reich to promote pride and nationalism
-Had SS and secret police Gestapo to eliminate rivals and controls all aspects of Germany
****Anti-Semitic laws called Nuremberg Laws that deprived German Jews of the rights of citizens, forbade mixed Jewish marriages, and required Jews to wear a yellow star
-Hostile to or prejudiced against Jews
-Germany had laws called Nuremberg Laws that deprived German Jews of the rights of citizens, forbade mixed Jewish marriages, and required Jews to wear a yellow star
-Spanish painter/master of Surrealism
-The Persistence of Memory (drooping watches)
-Follows surrealism (Portrayal of fantasies, dreams, and nightmares; Show the illogical and irrational - disturbing and evocative images)
-Stalin's way of dealing with political opposition
-Brutal and without mercy, he instigated the greatest political repression campaign in the history of the Soviet Union
-It is the idea that people should prioritize the good of society over the welfare of the individual
-They would all farm the same land and provide for everyone rather than themselves
-Night of Broken Glass
-The Nazis used the murder of a low-level German diplomat in Paris by a 17-year-old Polish Jew as an excuse to carry out the Kristallnacht attacks
-Step to get rid of Jews
-Broke the business windows and home windows of Jews; Forced them to pay for reparation costs
National Socialist German Workers Party
-The official name for the Nazi party
-Far right political party
-Lead by Hitler in Germany
Enabling Act of 1933
-Weimar Constitution amendment that gave the German Cabinet - in effect, Chancellor Adolf Hitler - the power to enact laws without the involvement of the Reichstag
-Allowed Hitler to take certain actions
-Part of him plan to take control over Germany
****-Hitler used this to declare himself the dictator of Germany
League of Nations
-Intergovernmental organization that happened as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War
-Proposed by Wilson (not part of it)
-Germany upset with them bc of the Treaty of Versailles (BRAT; They came up with it)
-Where Hitler took over with the Nazi party
-Mussolini's secret police
-Used to achieve his goals
-Means "The Leader"
Brown shirts/storm troopers
-Hitler's secret police
-Emperor of Japan and lost all power; Became just a figure
Beer Hall Putsch
-Nazi Party led a coalition group in an attempt to overthrow the German government
-Attack on Reichstag building (caught on fire)
-Chancellor Hitler convinced the ruler that the Communists started the power in attempt to get rid of them
-Laws created that discriminated against Jews
-Jews could not marry Germans
-Basic rights taken away
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
History Chapters 17&18
Western Civilization 2 (Geography)
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