15 terms

Vocabulary #22

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Great Depression
Period lasting from 1929 to 1941 in which the U.S. economy faltered and unemployment soared
Herbert Hoover
President who was unsuccessful with dealing with the Great Depression and used federal troops against the World War I veterans' "Bonus Army"
Hooverville
Depression shantytowns, named after the president who many blamed for their financial distress.
Rugged Individualism
Belief that people can survive on their own without government help.
Dust Bowl
Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work.
John Steinbeck
Author who wrote The Grapes of Wrath which describes the effect of the drought that created the Dust Bowl.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President who created the New Deal to combat the Great Depression, later led the nation through World War II, only president to serve more than 2 terms
Eleanor Roosevelt
Political activist and First Lady; early and long-time activist for rights for African Americans and women; played a key role in creation of United Nations Declaration on Human Rights
New Deal
Franklin Roosevelt's economic reform program designed to solve the problems of the Great Depression, worked to provide relief, recovery, and reform
National Labor Relations Act of 1935 (Wagner Act)
Set up procedures for establishing unions and requires employers to bargain collectively with unions
Social Security
Federal program of disability and retirement benefits that covers most working people
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
The government agency that insures customer deposits if a bank fails
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
New Deal program which created many dams that provided electricity as well as jobs.
Court Packing Plan
President FDR's failed attempt to increase the number of US Supreme Court Justices from 9 to 15 in order to save his 2nd New Deal programs from challenges
Schechter Poultry Corporation v. US
Declared specific New Deal programs unconstitutional during the Great Depression
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